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Herodotus and his Histories – Who was Herodotus? – Ancient Greece

By |2018-05-11T23:08:35+00:00July 10th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

A story from Herodotus: Stone statues of Kleobis and Biton Herodotus: "Father of History" Who was Herodotus? People sometimes call Herodotus the "father of history." Herodotus was the first writer that we know of (probably really the first) who tried to (in his own words) find out what had happened in the past [...]

Who was Aeschylus? Athenian playwright

By |2018-04-23T07:40:50+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Aeschylus's plays were performed in the Theater of Dionysos here on the Acropolis below the Parthenon in Athens Biography of Aeschylus Aeschylus (ESS-kill-us) is the earliest playwright in any language whose plays survive today, though other Greek men did write plays a little earlier. Aeschylus lived in Athens in the late 500s and [...]

Battle of Marathon – Pheidippides – First Persian War

By |2018-04-23T08:03:33+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Miltiades' bronze helmet from the Battle of Marathon Pheidippides runs to Sparta to get help The Athenians took up a strong position in the hills around Marathon and (according to legend) sent a runner, Pheidippides (fie-DIP-ih-dees), to another Greek city, Sparta, to ask for help. Sparta had the best army in Greece, and [...]

First Persian War – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T07:33:35+00:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Darius I, from the Behistun Inscription in Iran Darius wants revenge After the Ionian Revolt of 499 BC, the Persians and their king Darius wanted to conquer Greece more than ever. Persia wanted more and more land. Also, the Greeks had helped the Ionians to revolt against the Persians, and had marched to [...]

Classical Greek history

By |2018-04-23T06:34:12+00:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Classical Greece: the Pnyx, where the Athenian Assembly met Democracy in Athens In 510 BC a man named Cleisthenes (KLICE-then-eez), who was an aristocrat (a rich, powerful man) in Athens, invented another new type of government, the democracy. Cleisthenes, like other aristocrats, wanted to get more power. But tyrants had gotten unpopular in [...]