Manichaeans

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What did Manichaeans believe? – Christianity

By |2018-03-19T11:55:23+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Manichaean painting (Turfan, western China, ca. 900s AD) The prophet Mani in the Sassanian Empire In the 300s and 400s AD many Christians turned to believing in Manichaeism, a form of Christianity. A man named Mani started this movement in the late 200s AD. Mani lived in the Sassanian Empire, where lots of people were Zoroastrians. So Zoroastrianism [...]

Great Persecution – History of Christianity

By |2018-04-24T15:51:42+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman emperor Diocletian, who organized the Great Persecution of Christians The Roman Emperor Diocletian came to power in 284 AD. Diocletian was an army general, and he felt that a lot of the empire's problems could be solved by not allowing so much freedom, but instead having everyone do the same thing, the right way [...]

Augustine of Hippo – Christianity and the fall of Rome

By |2017-08-21T15:41:56+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman theater at Thagaste (Souk Ahras), in Algeria, where Augustine grew up. Augustine was born in a small town in North Africa in the mid-300s AD. His parents were not poor, so when he got older and it seemed that he was very smart, they sent him to a bigger city to go [...]

Albigensians – Cathars – Crusade

By |2018-04-18T17:19:17+00:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

This story starts about 1050 AD, not long after the Capetians took power in northern France. Some Christian people in the south of France began to think differently about God from the other Christians around them. These Christians called themselves "Good Christians." Other people called them Cathars (from a Greek word for 'pure'), or Albigensians (because some of them came from the [...]

End of T’ang Dynasty China – Uighurs and Buddhists

By |2018-04-18T09:53:37+00:00June 6th, 2017|China, History|

Emperor Wuzong Hsuan Tsung's son, the T'ang Emperor Suzong, asked a neighboring power, the Uighur Empire, to help him crush An Lu-shan's rebellion, and by 757 AD, thanks to the Uighur army, Suzong was able to get An Lu-shan assassinated. Still there was more civil war until 763 AD. These wars wrecked China [...]

Government in Ancient China – Emperors

By |2018-12-13T06:47:43+00:00June 6th, 2017|China, Government|

Chinese government: Empress Wu of the T'ang Dynasty The first emperors of China During the Stone Age, people in China lived in small villages and had big men in charge, and then chieftains. But by the time of the Shang Dynasty, about 1800 BC, China was united into an empire. What is an [...]

Buddhism and Islam – Central Asian religion

By |2018-04-16T14:00:45+00:00June 1st, 2017|Central Asia, Religion|

Bamiyan Buddhas (Afghanistan, ca. 500 AD, now destroyed by the Taliban) Central Asia's wide steppe is so easy to ride horses or camels over or walk over that there have always been a lot of people coming and going through Central Asia, and they bring their religious beliefs with them. So people in Central Asia [...]

Uighurs – Medieval Central Asia

By |2017-05-31T17:37:10+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Uighur princesses (Bezelik Cave) When the Turkic Gokturk Empire in Central Asia collapsed in 742 AD, the Uighurs got their independence. Their king, or Khan, Qutlugh Bilge Kol, set up his own smaller empire in what is now Mongolia and Western China, controlling the eastern end of the Silk Road. Qutlugh Bilge Kol's [...]