Lombards

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23 08, 2017

What does it mean to be Pope? History of Christianity

By |2018-04-24T23:11:02-07:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Peter and Paul, in a mosaic from Ravenna (500s AD) In the later Roman Empire and the Middle Ages, the Pope was the leader of the Catholic Church. Whenever there was a question about whether God would like something or not, people could ask the Pope, and he would tell them what God wanted. According to [...]

3 08, 2017

Venice – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-16T10:32:29-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy (about 1100 AD) During the fall of the Roman Empire, in the 400s AD, people who lived along the north-east coast of Italy didn't feel safe. Central Asian people like the Huns and Germanic people like the Ostrogoths were invading over and over again. Some people abandoned their homes and moved to wetlands and [...]

2 08, 2017

Matilda of Canossa – Medieval Europe

By |2018-05-07T11:39:05-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Matilda of Canossa (Vatican Museum) Northern Italy around 1000 AD By 1000 AD, the invading Lombards had married local rich men and women of Italy and mixed their families together. A few rich families - part Lombard and part Roman - ruled most of northern Italy as small independent countries. Supposedly these countries were part of the Holy Roman [...]

2 08, 2017

Early Middle Ages in Europe

By |2019-09-18T07:48:29-07:00August 2nd, 2017|Medieval|2 Comments

Early Middle Ages: Interior of Hagia Sophia When is the Early Middle Ages? The Early Middle Ages comes after the fall of Rome, about 400 AD. But all the way through the Early Middle Ages, European people still thought of themselves as living in the Roman Empire and being Romans. Fall of Rome Early Medieval [...]

2 08, 2017

Vikings – Early Medieval Scandinavia

By |2019-09-11T10:32:14-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

A Viking ship. Viking trade took the Vikings all over the world. Who were the Vikings? The Vikings were Indo-European people from Scandinavia (modern Denmark, Norway and Sweden). Around the 400s AD the Vikings started to make frequent raids by boat into Europe. They even went into the Mediterranean Sea and raided Sicily and southern Italy. The Vikings started to attack the Atlantic coast [...]

2 08, 2017

The Lombards – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-15T16:50:52-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Lombard Christian altar (700s AD) (University of Alabama) In 568 AD, a Turkic people, the Avars, pushed the Indo-European Lombards out of their home in Central Europe. This was the westernmost edge of a general tendency for Turkic people to take over more of Asia around this time. The Lombards moved south into northern Italy, and conquered it from [...]

2 08, 2017

Who was Charlemagne? Early Middle Ages

By |2019-04-11T12:26:17-07:00August 2nd, 2017|Medieval|6 Comments

Who was Charlemagne? This is Charlemagne, or possibly his grandson (now in the Louvre Museum) What's Charlemagne's real name? Charlemagne's name is really Charles le Magne, or Charles the Great. In German they call him Karl der Grosse, which also means Charles the Great. Earlier Merovingians All our medieval Europe articles How did Charlemagne get [...]

2 08, 2017

The Avars – Early Middle Ages

By |2019-02-06T18:24:16-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Grasslands of Central Asia - the steppe homeland of the Avars Ruled by the Rouran The Avars were a mostly Turkic group of people. We first hear of them living in Central Asia under the rule of the Rouran, in the 400s AD. Who were the Rouran? The Early Middle Ages All our Central Asia articles The Chinese, [...]

2 08, 2017

Leo to Empress Irene – Byzantine History

By |2017-08-02T09:17:48-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Leo the Isaurian (ca. 720 AD, Louvre museum, Paris) When Justinian's assassin Philippicus turned out to be a worthless party animal, other Roman officials killed him. In 713 AD the people of Constantinople chose a court official named Anastasius II to be the next emperor. Anastasius (ann-ah-STAYS-yus) was a practical guy, with good ideas - but [...]

1 08, 2017

Constans II – Byzantine history

By |2017-08-01T17:45:13-07:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Mu'awiya on a Sassanian-style coin When Heraclius died in 641 AD, his sons Heraclonas and Heraclius Constantine took over as Byzantine emperors, ruling together. They only lasted a few years. Heraclius Constantine died within the year. His son Constantine (usually called Constans II) succeeded him, even though he was only 11 years old. Soon afterwards [...]