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American science after colonization

By |2018-04-08T11:21:58+00:00September 28th, 2017|Americas, Native American, North America, Science|

European trade goods (thanks to Nebraska Game and Parks Division) North American people made rapid scientific advances in the course of the 1500s AD, inspired by contacts with traders and explorers from Europe. People learned how to tame horses and ride them, and they learned how to use guns. They also began to use a [...]

What was smallpox? History of disease

By |2018-04-15T17:01:43+00:00September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

A baby with smallpox (from the CDC) Smallpox was a very serious disease caused by a virus. Many people died of it. Smallpox caused little bumps on your skin, like chickenpox but much more serious. About two to five of every ten people who got smallpox died of it. There was (and is still) [...]

Medieval Islamic medicine – the first hospitals and quarantines

By |2018-04-18T18:18:05+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. Islamic doctors began by collecting all the medical observations and logic of the past. They translated the work of Hippocrates and his followers, and Galen, into Arabic. About 750 [...]

History of Indian medicine

By |2018-09-27T12:21:49+00:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Indian medicine: the Atharva Veda manuscript: an Indian medical book Early Indian medicine Medicine got an early start in India. Even in the Stone Age, about 5000 BC, dentists at Mehrgahr were drilling people's teeth. They tried to fix people's cavities. That's in the Indus River Valley (now in Pakistan). Where is Mehrgahr? History of medicine The [...]

Science and Math in ancient India

By |2018-11-30T07:51:48+00:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Ancient Indian science: Mohenjo Daro (ca. 2000 BC) From the time of the Harappans to the time of the Islamic conquests, Indian scientists and mathematicians were leaders. Ancient Indian science especially stood out in mathematics and engineering. Invention of zero History of steel Ancient India articles Harappan science and math in India The Harappans in 2500 BC had a sewage system at their [...]

Buddhist monks in India and China

By |2018-10-05T06:25:00+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Takht-i Bahi, a Buddhist monastery in eastern Pakistan (about 50 AD) where Buddhist monks could study Holy men and women While Gautama Buddha was still alive, about 500 BC, he had many followers. Some of these men and women in India wanted to be extra good Buddhists. So they decided to try to live as purely as they [...]

History of Chinese Medicine

By |2018-09-12T20:51:58+00:00June 7th, 2017|China, Science|

Chinese medicine: a Chinese village doctor treating a man by burning herbs on his back (Song Dynasty, ca. 950 AD., now in National Palace Museum, Taiwan) What's the earliest Chinese medical book? Doctors wrote the earliest known Chinese medical writing, The Recipes for Fifty-Two Ailments, about 186 BC, around the beginning of the [...]

What are vaccinations? Definition of vaccination

By |2017-05-30T11:08:03+00:00May 30th, 2017|Biology|

Children being vaccinated  A vaccination is a way to keep animals (both people and other kinds of animals) from getting sick when viruses get inside their bodies. The earliest kind of vaccination was when people noticed that if you had already had the sickness and gotten better, you couldn't catch it a second [...]