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Thomas Paine – American Philosophy

By |2017-08-14T13:00:34+00:00August 14th, 2017|North America, Philosophy|

Thomas Paine (by Matthew Pratt, about 1790) In the late 1700s AD, around the same time that Voltaire, du Chatelet, and Rousseau were writing philosophy in France, and Hume was writing in England, Thomas Paine was writing philosophy in America. Paine was born in England, and his father was a Quaker, and owned a small business. Young Paine didn't go to [...]

Voltaire – European philosopher

By |2018-04-09T23:07:35+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Voltaire - a French philosopher Voltaire took ideas about religion, science, and human rights that were just getting started in the 1700s AD, and encouraged new ways of thinking about them. His ideas paved the way for the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution, though he died just before the French Revolution. Voltaire was [...]

Immanuel Kant – European philosophy

By |2018-04-11T18:23:26+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Immanuel Kant, a European philosopher Immanuel Kant's family and childhood By the end of the 1700s AD, Germany was beginning to be a more powerful country. France was busy with the Revolution, and the next important European philosopher after Rousseau came from Germany: Immanuel Kant. Unlike earlier philosophers, Kant never traveled more than ten miles from his home in [...]

David Hume – European philosophy

By |2018-04-24T09:15:54+00:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

David Hume, the European philosopher Soon after Hobbes and Locke died, starting in 1739 AD, David Hume published more important books about philosophy. Hume disagreed with Descartes' idea that people did what their reason or logic told them was best. Hume thought people were more likely to just do what they wanted, even if they knew it was wrong [...]

Hume project – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:26+00:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

David Hume, the European philosopher So David Hume died of cancer in 1776 AD, just as Americans were writing the Declaration of Independence. Hume's ideas had a huge effect on the Declaration of Independence, but he would probably have disagreed with Thomas Jefferson and the other Founding Fathers on some points too. What might Hume have [...]