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Ghaznavid Dynasty – Medieval Islam

By |2017-07-23T23:47:02+00:00July 23rd, 2017|History, India, Islam, West Asia|

A minaret in Ghazni (Afghanistan), from about 1000 AD Beginning in the 850s AD, the Abbasid caliphs of the Islamic Empire were looking for soldiers they would be able to trust, who were not other Arabs who would be trying to get into power. The Abbasids thought that the Turks would be trustworthy soldiers. So they captured a [...]

What is Hinduism? A religion of India

By |2017-10-14T16:35:20+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion, What|

Arjuna fighting Karna, with Krishna as his charioteer (Duttapara Temple, ca. 1500s AD) The word Hindu comes from the river Indus, and it just means the people who live near the Indus river (actually in modern Pakistan). The Harappa people who lived near that river about 2500 BC carved images of several different gods on their clay seals. We can't read Harappan writing, [...]

Medieval Indian architecture

By |2017-07-19T16:29:32+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Osian Sun temple, 700s AD By the 700s AD, after the collapse of the Guptan Empire, there were two different styles of temple-building in India, a north Indian style and a south Indian style. This temple from Osian shows the north Indian style. It has a high tower called a shikhara, and an open porch [...]

Indian architecture – Ancient India – History of Architecture

By |2018-04-18T23:55:58+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Early Indian architecture: Rock-cut temples at Ajanta, India The Stone Age and the Bronze Age The earliest buildings anyone knows of from India are from Mehrgahr, from about 7000 BC. But the first real stone architecture dates to about 2500 BC, in the Harappan period in northern India (modern Pakistan). The Harappans built big cities, with walls around them [...]

Ellora Caves – Indian architecture

By |2017-07-19T12:02:17+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Outside of Carpenter's Cave, Ellora, about 575 AD In the Guptan period, architects in India were beginning to build more and more temples. The earlier Buddhist temples at Ajanta were not enough anymore. Starting about 550 AD, engineers cut thirty-five temples and monasteries into a cliff in north-western India, near Mumbai, at Ellora. Ellora was on the main [...]

Gandhi and India’s independence

By |2018-09-26T05:45:51+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Indian National Congress (1885) with Gandhi in it Indian National Congress By the 1880s, India was becoming a very poor country. That was because the British government made all their choices to make Britain richer, and they didn't care what happened to India. Read about British India Lots more India articles But Britain got richer and [...]

Deccan kingdoms in India

By |2018-04-23T15:00:52+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Deccan kingdoms: Krishna Deva Raya (possibly), ca. 1500 AD In 1498 AD, when Vasco da Gama first sailed to Calicut in south India, most of South India was part of the Vijayanagara Empire, which was very strong and still growing fast. Further north, the weakness of the Muslim rulers of North India allowed Central India to break free in [...]