Hagia Sophia

Home » Hagia Sophia

Justinian – Byzantine Reconquest – A later Roman emperor

By |2018-11-13T10:10:43+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Justinian - Byzantine mosaic from Ravenna, Italy (500s AD) Justinian and Theodora The Roman Emperor Justinian took power when his uncle, Justin, died in 527 AD. Before becoming emperor, Justinian married Theodora. That upset a lot of people because she was an actress. Many Roman people thought all actresses were bad women. But in fact Theodora [...]

Hagia Sophia – Istanbul

By |2017-07-30T22:50:32+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (500s AD) The Roman emperor Constantius II built a big church next to the imperial palace in Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the 300s AD. But people burned it down in riots in 404. Pulcheria soon had the church rebuilt. But rioters burned it down again during the Nike Riots of 532. So the emperor Justinian needed to rebuild [...]

Florence Baptistery – Romanesque architecture in Italy

By |2018-05-13T18:25:01+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Florence baptistery: the Romanesque baptistery in Florence, Italy Earlier Florence baptistery (700 AD) Probably people had built an earlier, smaller octagonal baptistery here around 700 AD.  This is where Catholic priests baptized Christian babies in medieval Florence. It's also called San Giovanni, the Baptistery of St. John. That's because Christians believed John the Baptist was the holy [...]

Mosque history – what is a mosque? – medieval Islamic architecture

By |2017-12-29T14:22:06+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam, West Asia|

Mosque history - Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo (Egypt, 900s AD) What is a mosque? A mosque (MAH-SK) is a kind of building where people who follow the Islamic faith pray to God. Mosque history People first built mosques in the 600s AD, when the Arabs conquered Jerusalem and other parts of West Asia. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem [...]