Giotto

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What are stigmata? Christian markings

By |2018-04-10T22:49:24+00:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

Jesus on the Cross, by Fra Angelico When the Roman soldiers nailed Jesus  to the cross, the nails made holes in His hands and feet. Medieval people called these holes the "stigmata" (stig-MA-ta), which is the Latin word for "marks". St. Francis receiving the stigmata (Giotto) In the later Middle Ages in Europe, very holy Christian people sometimes got [...]

Medieval art history – Europe

By |2017-08-01T07:56:10+00:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

A Late Antique ivory carving Roman art, German art, and Islamic art mixed together in Europe in the Early Middle Ages to create a new form, which we call medieval art. Art historians divide medieval art into Early Medieval, Romanesque, and Gothic art. But these types of art looked different in different places, and in the hands of [...]

Giotto in Florence and Assisi

By |2018-04-15T16:34:28+00:00August 1st, 2017|History|

St. Francis giving away his cloak, from Assisi, Italy, probably by Giotto Giotto was an Italian painter around 1300 AD. Giotto was originally from Florence. He was born about 1265 AD. As a teenager, he may have been a student of the great painter Cimabue. It's possible that he suffered from dwarfism. When Giotto (jee-OTT-oh) grew up, he [...]

Fra Angelico – Medieval Florence

By |2018-04-10T22:55:45+00:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

Mary Magdalene and Jesus by Fra Angelico (Louvre Museum) Fra Angelico was born about 1395 AD in a small town in northern Italy. Like his older brother, he learned to paint when he was growing up. When he was about 20 years old he became a Christian Dominican monk (like Thomas Aquinas before him). But Fra Angelico kept on [...]

Cimabue – Giotto’s teacher – Medieval art

By |2018-04-10T22:50:24+00:00July 31st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

Cimabue's Madonna and Jesus, in Louvre Museum, Paris Cimabue (really Cenno di Pepe, but people call him Cimabue) was born in Florence, Italy, around 1240 AD, in the Middle Ages. Cimabue (chee-MA-boo-ay) worked in and around Florence his whole life. He worked on the mosaics decorating the inside of the baptistry and the cathedral in Florence. Fresco of Jesus, from the [...]

The Duomo in Florence, Italy

By |2018-04-24T09:23:13+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Florence Duomo (cathedral) The Republic of Florence started to plan this cathedral in the late 1200s AD, when Dante was growing up, to replace the old cathedral from about 500 AD that was too small and old. They had already replaced their old baptistery, and now they wanted to do the cathedral. (Duomo means "cathedral" in Italian.) The government of Florence raised money to [...]

What is fresco painting? History of Art

By |2018-04-21T15:09:35+00:00May 25th, 2017|Art, History|

Fresco painting from Thera, Greece (about 1600 BC) Fresco is the Italian word for "fresh", and that's because painters do fresco painting on fresh, wet plaster walls. That way the colors really sink in to the plaster, and you get a glowing kind of color that is very different from what you would get [...]