Early Modern

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Early Modern Spain – Philip II

By |2018-09-17T08:09:16+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Philip II of Spain Philip II of Spain As the great-grandson of Isabella, who had sent Columbus to America, Philip II ruled Spain in the mid-1500s AD. Philip also controlled huge Spanish territories in South and Central America, Mexico, Arizona, New Mexico, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado and Texas. Philip also ruled the Netherlands and Flanders (now part of Belgium), north of France. As [...]

Prince and the Pauper project

By |2017-08-05T11:32:58+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Edward VI Mark Twain wrote "The Prince and the Pauper" about the young prince Edward in the days just before and just after the death of his father, Henry VIII. You can learn a lot about England in the time of Henry VIII and Edward VI by reading this book - plus, it's a great story! [...]

Europe’s early modern economy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:16+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

Members of the painters' guild in Haarlem (1670s) In the Renaissance, as cities grew all over Europe and more people began to buy things in stores instead of making them at home, many cities and towns developed a system of guilds that controlled who could make things and how. In France and England and Switzerland, this guild system began [...]

Peter Paul Rubens – European art history

By |2017-08-04T15:40:52+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Rubens (self-portrait), 1620 AD Peter Paul Rubens was born in Germany in 1577. At that time, the Holy Roman Emperors were weak and there were a bunch of civil wars going on. His father, who was a lawyer, was also a Calvinist - a Protestant. The family fled to Cologne before Rubens was born, because of fighting between [...]

Where do bananas grow today?

By |2017-06-20T15:01:39+00:00June 20th, 2017|Central America, Food|

Bananas growing on a banana tree Bananas were the hip new food in Europe in the 1400s AD, so it's not surprising that the first Portuguese sailors who came to the Americas brought banana seeds with them. The sailors wanted to try growing bananas in the Caribbean and Brazil, just as they brought [...]

African Economy – Early Modern

By |2018-04-19T15:03:14+00:00May 24th, 2017|Africa, Economy|

Early modern African economy: Guinea Cloth (Cotton) Early Modern African economy In the late 1400s AD, Portuguese traders figured out how to sail to West Africa instead of getting there by caravan routes across the Sahara Desert. West African traders sold these newcomers mostly enslaved people, but also locally made cotton cloth, colored [...]