Early Modern

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Early Modern Spain – Philip II

By |2019-04-04T12:37:14-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Philip II of Spain Philip II of Spain As the great-grandson of Isabella, who had sent Columbus to America, and the son of Isabella of Portugal, Philip II ruled Spain starting in 1556 AD. Isabella and Ferdinand Isabella of Portugal All our modern Europe articles Philip also controlled huge Spanish territories in South and [...]

Prince and the Pauper project

By |2017-08-05T11:32:58-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Edward VI Mark Twain wrote "The Prince and the Pauper" about the young prince Edward in the days just before and just after the death of his father, Henry VIII. You can learn a lot about England in the time of Henry VIII and Edward VI by reading this book - plus, it's a great story! [...]

Europe’s early modern economy

By |2019-05-21T20:52:21-07:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

Early modern economy: Members of the painters' guild in Haarlem (1670s) Guild system develops In the Renaissance, as cities grew all over Europe and more people began to buy things in stores instead of making them at home, many cities and towns developed a system of guilds that controlled who could make things and how. What [...]

Peter Paul Rubens – European art history

By |2017-08-04T15:40:52-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Rubens (self-portrait), 1620 AD Peter Paul Rubens was born in Germany in 1577. At that time, the Holy Roman Emperors were weak and there were a bunch of civil wars going on. His father, who was a lawyer, was also a Calvinist - a Protestant. The family fled to Cologne before Rubens was born, because of fighting between [...]

Where do bananas grow today?

By |2019-02-09T10:20:56-07:00June 20th, 2017|Central America, Food|

Bananas growing on a banana tree When did bananas reach the Americas? Bananas were the hip new food in Europe in the 1400s AD, so it's not surprising that the first Portuguese sailors who came to the Americas brought banana seeds with them. Earlier history of bananas More about those sailors South American [...]

African Economy – Early Modern

By |2019-05-21T19:54:33-07:00May 24th, 2017|Africa, Economy|

Early modern African economy: Guinea Cloth (Cotton) Early Modern African economy In the late 1400s AD, Portuguese traders figured out how to sail to West Africa instead of getting there by caravan routes across the Sahara Desert. Medieval ships and sailing Charles V and Portugal Medieval African economy All our Africa articles What [...]