Damascus

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3 08, 2017

Second Crusade – Medieval history

By |2019-02-13T10:29:52-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval, West Asia|0 Comments

Castle of Edessa After the First Crusade After the First Crusade in 1096 AD set up Christian kingdoms all along the coast of Israel and Lebanon, of course the Fatimid caliphs who had ruled that area before were very upset. The First Crusade The Fatimids All our Islamic Empire articles Melisende and her son Baldwin Melisende and the Mamluks [...]

27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic medicine

By |2019-08-22T09:31:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. The Islamic Empire was rich enough from Silk Road trade and trading on the Indian Ocean to pay a lot of doctors and scientists, [...]

27 07, 2017

ibn al-Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2019-09-06T09:40:40-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Illustration in Ibn al-Nafis Who was ibn al Nafis? Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and [...]

23 07, 2017

Saladin and the Ayyubid Dynasty

By |2019-02-07T06:01:19-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|0 Comments

Saladin Saladin started the Ayyubids When the First Crusade defeated the Fatimid Caliphs and captured Jerusalem in 1099 AD, people were very upset. People in Egypt and Syria gradually decided that the Fatimids were too weak to rule anymore. One of their generals, Saladin (Salah ad-Din ibn Ayyub in Arabic), took over control from the Fatimids. He founded the Ayyubid [...]

23 07, 2017

The Abbasids – Medieval Islamic history

By |2019-01-15T11:23:04-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|0 Comments

Minaret at Samarra, 847 AD The first Abbasid caliphs In 750 AD, the Abbasid caliphs murdered all of the surviving Umayyad men but one. Who were the Umayyads? All our medieval Islam articles Turn away from the Mediterranean They took over ruling the Islamic Empire. The Abbasids were less interested in the Mediterranean coast than the Umayyads had been. [...]

23 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic art history

By |2019-10-01T18:14:45-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Art, Islam|0 Comments

Islamic art: Mosaic from the Great Mosque in Damascus (about 710 AD) Umayyad art: no people or animals As soon as the Islamic Empire formed, under the Umayyad dynasty, artists began exploring the new ideas of Islam.  What did these new ideas mean for Islamic art? Who were the Umayyads? All our Islamic Empire articles The first [...]

23 07, 2017

Umayyad architecture – Islam

By |2017-07-23T08:21:29-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam, West Asia|0 Comments

Dome of the Rock mosque, Jerusalem People didn't build a lot of new buildings during the Umayyad period. They were busy getting organized after the Islamic conquests, and the Umayyad dynasty didn't rule very long. But what they did build was new and exciting. The Umayyads, who were conquering everything, had pots of money to [...]

22 07, 2017

Islamic architecture – History

By |2019-09-30T05:59:38-07:00July 22nd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam, West Asia|0 Comments

Kairouan (about 800 AD) The first Islamic buildings Greek architects designed the first buildings in the new Islamic Empire. They had already been living in the area when the Arabs conquered it. Because Greek architects designed them, these buildings look a lot like earlier buildings in West Asia - Late Roman Empire buildings like Hagia Sophia. Roman [...]