Charles V

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Who were the Maya? Central American history

By | 2018-04-12T08:53:13+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

Mexico and colonization – Central American history

By | 2018-04-08T21:33:39+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Californians fight the Missions

By | 2017-08-12T14:56:31+00:00 August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Ohlone people crossing San Francisco Bay, with a European wool blanket (Louis Choris, 1816 AD) In 1500 AD, California was a popular place to live. About one out of every three people living in what would become the United States lived in California. Then, in 1530, the first Spanish explorers under the Holy Roman [...]

Renaissance Science in Europe

By | 2017-08-07T21:36:38+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Copernicus, a Renaissance astronomer Starting in the 1200s AD, as Europe got richer, great universities got started there. In the later Middle Ages, West Asia and India suffered from the Mongol invasions. West Asian people were too poor to send their children to the old university at Baghdad. In the 1300s, the Black Death killed so many people in Egypt that the old university at Cairo also didn't have [...]

Renaissance Europe – Charles V

By | 2018-04-25T22:59:42+00:00 August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Charles Quint (by Titian, 1548) The biggest worry that people had in the early 1500s AD in Europe was that the Ottoman Empire was going to conquer Europe. Would Europe be ruled by Islamic rulers? And in fact the Ottomans, under their sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, did conquer the eastern half of Europe during the 1500s AD, and many [...]

Reformation Europe – Protestants

By | 2018-04-08T11:14:22+00:00 August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Catherine de Medici, Queen of France By the time Francis I of France and Henry VIII of England both died in 1547 AD, attacks by the Ottoman Empire were less of a problem. But civil war within Europe was more of a problem. All of Europe was beginning to fall into the Wars of Religion. Catholic rulers were fighting a [...]

Austria-Hungary – Charles V to Ferdinand

By | 2018-04-08T11:14:18+00:00 August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Joanna of Castile, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain Maximilian I of the powerful Hapsburg family decided not to bother with the Pope's approval to be Holy Roman Emperor in 1508 AD. He thought the Hapsburgs were powerful enough to stand on their own. And so they were. Maximilian married everyone in his family to [...]

Pieter Brueghel – European Art

By | 2017-08-04T14:18:03+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Pieter Brueghel, Children's Games (1560 AD) As European traders began to sail directly to China in the late 1400s AD, they brought back all kinds of new things to Europe: porcelain vases, paper fans, silk cloth. Pieter Brueghel lived in the Netherlands, which was then part of the Holy Roman Empire of Charles [...]

Who were the Mughals? The Mughal Empire – History of India

By | 2018-01-08T22:51:50+00:00 July 19th, 2017|History, India, Where|

Mughal Empire - Babur, first Mughal ruler Timur's descendants: the Mughal Empire Timur's empire collapsed when he died in 1405 AD. Then the Mongols lost control of India for a while. Local Muslim leaders formed small states in northern India. But a generation later, Mongol leaders invaded India again and forced the Indians into a new empire, the Mughal Empire. [...]