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Medieval architecture – Gothic and Romanesque – Europe

By |2018-04-24T08:21:21+00:00September 26th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Cloister at Moissac (ca. 1100 AD, southern France) The first part of the Middle Ages saw very little building of anything but houses in northern Europe, as people struggled to adjust to the fall of Rome. People built some small churches here and there in the Visigothic, Vandal, and Merovingian kingdoms, but not much else. Nearer to the Mediterranean Sea, however, people [...]

Medieval houses – Europe

By |2017-07-31T05:36:17+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Colleta di Castelbianco, Italy Houses in the Middle Ages were different from Roman houses in several ways. One important change was that more people lived in small villages for safety, instead of in farmhouses on their own land. Another change was that more people used fireplaces and chimneys to heat their houses and to cook [...]

Gothic Cathedral – Middle Ages – History of architecture

By |2018-04-16T10:32:24+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Gothic cathedral: Nave of Rouen cathedral (1200s AD) Northern France gets rich enough to build cathedrals In the late 1100s and early 1200s AD, the kings of France, Philip and his son Louis, whose capital was Paris in the north, managed to conquer the south of France and make it part of their kingdom. Now all [...]

Medieval castles – Middle Ages

By |2018-04-24T08:21:20+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Outer walls of Caen castle, Normandy, France (about 1050 AD) Rich Romans didn't live in castles. They lived in villas. But Roman soldiers lived in military forts called castra, and that is where we get the word castle. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, there was a lot of trouble with pirates and bandits and invasions. Rich people [...]