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Who were the Zapotec? Central American history

By |2018-04-12T08:53:16+00:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

A Zapotec head The Zapotec civilization, like the Maya, grew up in the region that had been ruled by the Olmec, after the collapse of Olmec power about 500 BC. The main city of the Zapotec kings was Monte Alban (in modern Mexico). The Zapotec developed their own hieroglyphic writing system, possibly building on earlier Olmec [...]

Who were the Olmec? Central American history

By |2018-04-25T23:03:43+00:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Olmec clay statue ca. 1100-500 BC The earliest state government in North or South America was the Olmec. They formed their state about 1200 BC. This is about the time of the Mycenaean kingdoms in Greece, or the Third Intermediate Period in Egypt, or the Assyrians in West Asia. So the Olmec aren't the first state in the world, but they were [...]

Mexico and colonization – Central American history

By |2018-04-08T21:33:39+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

History of Coal – Central Asian science

By |2017-06-01T00:22:23+00:00June 1st, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

Lumps of coal Most of the coal on Earth formed during the Carboniferous Era about 350 million years ago, when giant ferns growing in wetlands were flooded and buried under a blanket of mud before they could rot. The mud squashed the dead ferns together. As the ferns decayed, they gave off heat. [...]