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Languages and Writing

By | 2017-07-27T16:17:16+00:00 July 27th, 2017|Literature|

Cuneiform tablet from West Asia Most people in the ancient Mediterranean and West Asian areas spoke languages that divided into two groups. One language group is Indo-European and the other group is Semitic. In southern Africa, most people spoke either a Bantu language or a Khoisan language. Indian people spoke Dravidian languages. Central Asian people spoke variations of Turkic [...]

The Mamluks – Medieval Islamic history

By | 2017-07-25T08:44:21+00:00 July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

A Mamluk inn for merchants in Cairo The Mamluks were originally enslaved bodyguards of the Abbasid caliphs of the Islamic Empire (the word "mamluk" just means "slave" in Arabic). Starting around 850 AD, the Abbasid caliphs captured or bought young boys who were not Muslims as slaves. The caliphs brought the boys up to be Sunni Muslim soldiers in a slave army. These [...]