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Venice – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-16T10:32:29-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy (about 1100 AD) During the fall of the Roman Empire, in the 400s AD, people who lived along the north-east coast of Italy didn't feel safe. Central Asian people like the Huns and Germanic people like the Ostrogoths were invading over and over again. Some people abandoned their homes and moved to wetlands and [...]

Medieval economy – Europe

By |2018-04-24T08:21:22-07:00August 1st, 2017|Economy, Medieval|

Medieval economy: A carpenter works in his shop. Collapse of trade After the fall of Rome, people in Europe used money less than they had before. Instead they mostly lived on what they could produce themselves. Rich people lived on what they could make other people give them because they were landlords or landladies. Money and silk [...]

Medieval Islamic economy – The Silk Road

By |2017-07-23T16:24:26-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Economy, Islam|

Turkomen on the Silk Road with camels Just like under Persian or Sassanian rule, the economy of West Asia during the Islamic period depended very heavily on trade. The Silk Road ran right across the Islamic Empire. It reached east from China, to Tajikistan, to Uzbekistan, to Iran, to Iraq and Syria. Then it ran west to Lebanon, to the Byzantine Empire, and across the Mediterranean to Italy. Arab [...]

History of Indian medicine

By |2018-09-27T12:21:49-07:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Indian medicine: the Atharva Veda manuscript: an Indian medical book Early Indian medicine Medicine got an early start in India. Even in the Stone Age, about 5000 BC, dentists at Mehrgahr were drilling people's teeth. They tried to fix people's cavities. That's in the Indus River Valley (now in Pakistan). Where is Mehrgahr? History of medicine The [...]

Ancient Greek ships and boats – Sailing in ancient Greece

By |2019-02-10T05:56:37-07:00July 18th, 2017|Economy, Greeks|

Greek ships: A sailing ship with rowers at the oars Early Greek sailing Because Greece was so mountainous, and every place in Greece was so close to the sea, a lot of people in Greece used boats to get from one place to another, even starting as early as the Stone Age, when people sailed to [...]

Ancient Corinth – Mycenaean and Archaic

By |2017-07-06T22:57:53-07:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Corinth, with the high city - Akrocorinth - in the background Corinth was a town right where southern Greece and northern Greece come together. It was certainly a Mycenaean city, because Mycenaean pottery has been found in excavations at Corinth. In Greek mythology, Corinth (CORE-inth) was where Jason and Medea lived. During the [...]

Economy of ancient Greece – ancient Greek trade, fishing, and farming

By |2019-01-31T07:48:24-07:00July 6th, 2017|Economy, Greeks|

The economy of ancient Greece: A Greek man doing carpentry (Athens, 400s BC) The Greek word "economy" The Greeks did not have the same idea of an economy that we have. The word economy is Greek. But to the Greeks, economy meant something like "rules of a household" (the "eco" part of economy [...]

Economy in Archaic Greece

By |2019-01-31T07:07:58-07:00July 5th, 2017|Economy, Greeks|

Archaic Greek economy: A black-figure vase showing a blacksmith at work (Athens, about 550 BC) Not much trade in the Dark Ages During the political collapse of the Greek Dark Age (about 1200-1000 BC), many Greek people did not have children, or left for other countries. There weren't so many people living in [...]