Theodosius

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Theodosius – the later Roman Empire

By | 2017-09-03T21:47:13+00:00 September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Jovian The Roman emperor Julian's bodyguards assassinated him in 361 AD. He was the last surviving male relative of Constantine, so it wasn't clear who should become the next emperor after he was killed. The generals in the East got together in 363 AD and chose one of themselves, a Christian named Jovian. Jovian [...]

Roman Christians persecute the Jews

By | 2017-08-23T17:52:47+00:00 August 23rd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

A Jewish tombstone from the Roman Empire with Greek writing and menorahs (Vatican Museum, Rome) From the end of the Second Jewish Revolt and the Diaspora, around 130 AD, the Jews lived more or less quietly in the Roman Empire. They settled in cities all around the Roman and the Parthian Empires. Many Jews also moved to the trading cities of the Arabian [...]

What is excommunication? Christianity – religion

By | 2017-08-21T22:41:35+00:00 August 21st, 2017|Religion|

Medieval excommunication ceremony Excommunication was a Christian idea. It meant you could not  take Communion anymore. Beginning in the Roman period, bishops or groups of bishops excommunicated people who were doing things the Church didn't like. The Pope sometimes personally excommunicated very powerful people like kings and emperors. It might not sound so serious to be excommunicated. Who cares, [...]