Seventh Crusade

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Seventh Crusade – Louis IX and Baybars

By |2017-08-03T15:02:32+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Louis IX (Saint Louis) The Seventh Crusade was not started by any Pope, but by King Louis IX of France, who became known later as Saint Louis because of his great devotion to the Christian God. The year after the Mamluks captured Jerusalem from the Europeans in 1244 AD, Louis announced his Crusade (in 1245). His mother, Blanche of Castile, thought [...]

Philip Augustus and Blanche of Castile

By |2018-04-12T00:08:12+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Castle at Dourdan, built by Philip Augustus Louis VII's son, Philip Auguste, was much more ambitious and smarter than his father. Philip came to the throne in 1180 AD, when he was only fourteen years old. He began well by marrying a woman who brought a rich part of France called Artois as her dowry, [...]

The Mamluks – Medieval Islamic history

By |2018-07-12T09:50:47+00:00July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

Mamluks: A Mamluk inn for merchants in Cairo Mamluks were enslaved soldiers The Mamluks were originally enslaved bodyguards of the Abbasid caliphs of the Islamic Empire (the word "mamluk" just means "slave" in Arabic). Starting around 850 AD, the Abbasid caliphs captured or bought young boys who were not Muslims as slaves. (More about the Abbasids) The caliphs brought the boys [...]

Toregene and Kublai Khan – Mongol Empire History

By |2017-05-31T15:37:25+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Coin of Toregene Toregene ruled the Mongol Empire for five years. By then she was not in good health - she was about 55 years old. She passed on her power to her son Guyuk in 1246 AD and went into retirement, where she died less than two years later. Mongke Khan [...]