Second Crusade

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Second Crusade – Medieval history

By |2019-02-13T10:29:52-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval, West Asia|

Castle of Edessa After the First Crusade After the First Crusade in 1096 AD set up Christian kingdoms all along the coast of Israel and Lebanon, of course the Fatimid caliphs who had ruled that area before were very upset. The First Crusade The Fatimids All our Islamic Empire articles Melisende and her son Baldwin Melisende and the Mamluks [...]

Holy Roman Empire – Medieval Germany

By |2018-04-21T13:20:47-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Empress Agnes holding Henry IV After the death of Henry III in 1056 AD, his widow Agnes ran the Holy Roman Empire. With the help of the king of Poland, the Popes now felt stronger. They tried to break away from the control of the Holy Roman Emperors. The Popes insisted that priests and bishops served only the Pope. The Empress could [...]

Eleanor of Aquitaine – Queen of France and England

By |2019-03-25T05:46:22-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Eleanor of Aquitaine (Cloisters Museum, New York City) Eleanor of Aquitaine was fifteen years old in 1137 AD, and not yet married, when her father, the Duke of Aquitaine, died suddenly. Eleanor had no brothers, so she inherited her father's duchy, which included most of southern France. France under the Capetians Feudalism in medieval [...]

Comneni Dynasty – Byzantine history

By |2019-04-21T11:45:07-07:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

Alexios I Comneni, the Byzantine emperor (1081 AD) The Battle of Manzikert The Battle of Manzikert in 1071 was the end of Basil's Armenian Dynasty. The Byzantines had lost Armenia to Alp Arslan and the Seljuk Turks, and Alp Arslan took the Roman Emperor prisoner. Battle of Manzikert Who was Alp Arslan? All our medieval Europe articles [...]

Romanesque Architecture – Medieval Europe

By |2018-04-10T22:48:55-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Façade of Pisa's Duomo We call this kind of building Romanesque because it is a little like Roman architecture, with its columns and round arches. But people built Romanesque buildings around 1000-1200 AD instead of during the Roman Empire. The fall of the Roman Empire, about 500 AD, made everybody in the empire poorer than they were before. But the people [...]

Saladin and the Ayyubid Dynasty

By |2019-02-07T06:01:19-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Saladin Saladin started the Ayyubids When the First Crusade defeated the Fatimid Caliphs and captured Jerusalem in 1099 AD, people were very upset. People in Egypt and Syria gradually decided that the Fatimids were too weak to rule anymore. One of their generals, Saladin (Salah ad-Din ibn Ayyub in Arabic), took over control from the Fatimids. He founded the Ayyubid [...]