redistribution of land

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Mexico and colonization – American history

By |2018-10-02T07:36:12+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Karl Marx – European philosophy

By |2018-04-09T23:07:35+00:00August 7th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Karl Marx, a European philosopher and economist The famous German philosopher Hegel died when Karl Marx was 13 years old. Marx must have heard a lot about Hegel when he was in school in Germany. Hegel's ideas about a dialectic or conversation between opposites which led to a sort of compromise or truth inspired Marx [...]

Taika period – Early Medieval Japan

By |2018-04-18T09:53:56+00:00July 27th, 2017|History, Japan, Where|

Court attendants (Takamatsuzuka Tomb, ca. 600s AD) Now that Japan had declared independence from China, Empress Suiko and her successors built a new government for Japan. They wanted Japan's government to be just as good as China's government. Empress Suiko ruled for 35 years before she died in 628 AD. Prince Shotoku had already died six years [...]

Nara period – Early medieval Japan

By |2018-04-18T09:53:55+00:00July 27th, 2017|History, Japan|

Model of the Empress Genmei's imperial audience hall at Heijo, Nara Empress Genmei moved the capital of Japan to the new planned city of Nara in 710 AD. She wanted the move to help get more power into her own hands and out of the hands of other powerful Japanese families. Genmei succeeded in stopping [...]

Shoguns and Mongols – Kamakura Japan

By |2018-05-06T17:41:50+00:00July 27th, 2017|History, Japan|

First shogun of Japan: Minamoto Yoritomo (maybe), by Fujiwara Takanobu Who was the first shogun of Japan? The first shogun, Minamoto Yoritomo, established the system: all officials were pretty much military officials. Japan broke up into a lot of small kingdoms, which were always fighting each other. There were a lot of wars, mostly [...]

Tyrant Game – Ancient Greece activity

By |2018-04-23T07:02:27+00:00July 7th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

Harmodius and Aristogeiton To understand more about tyranny, play a game with a group of kids (about 25 is perfect) where you decide whether to have a tyrant, and who should be the tyrant. Most of the kids (all but five) will be ordinary people - men and women, mostly farmers. About half [...]

Athens under the Tyrants – Ancient Greece

By |2017-07-06T22:14:18+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Obol minted under Pisistratus with the head of Medusa At first people were happy with Solon's changes. They had their farms back, and they didn't owe any money, and they weren't being killed for little things. They could (if they were free men) be judges and vote in the Assembly. But the people [...]