oranges

Home » oranges

American food history – tacos to… tacos!

By |2018-04-24T09:45:59+00:00August 11th, 2017|Food, North America|

People eating in Virginia, about 1550 AD (from the British Museum) Native American food In 1500 AD, most of the people living in North America, like the Pueblo, the Cherokee, the Iroquois, and the Mississippians, ate mainly beans and corn and squash. Sometimes people ate their corn baked into tacos or tortillas; other times people boiled corn into mush or soup. To go with [...]

What is sharecropping?

By |2017-08-10T23:21:14+00:00August 10th, 2017|Economy, North America|

Sharecroppers picking cotton. See the little girl and the bigger boy? (ca 1890) When people didn't own any land, or they lost their land because of not being able to pay back money or food they borrowed, they often became sharecroppers. This means that they would farm land that belonged to somebody else (usually a rich man, because [...]

Medieval food with recipes – European food in the Middle Ages

By |2018-10-06T20:22:59+00:00August 1st, 2017|Food, Medieval|

Medieval food: A man ladles porridge from a large pot over a fire Poor people's food was boring! In the Middle Ages in Europe, what people ate depended a lot on how rich they were. Poor people (which was almost everybody) ate mainly barley, or in some places oats. What's barley like? All about the history of [...]

Medieval Islamic food

By |2017-07-23T17:01:31+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Food, Islam|

Orange tree Around the Mediterranean, people continued in the Islamic period to rely on the three main foods from antiquity. Those were wheat (mostly bread), olive oil, and wine. Though technically Islam did not let you drink alcohol, still a lot of people did drink wine. People who didn't drink wine started to drink more tea. The Sogdians brought tea to the Islamic [...]

Medieval Islamic environment

By |2017-07-23T16:51:23+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Environment, Islam, West Asia|

Bedouin tents today in the Arabian peninsula We can divide the environmental history of the medieval Islamic Empire into three different phases. The early phase, from the 600s to about 800 AD, is the time of the Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphs. The climate was probably pretty similar to what it had been [...]

Medieval Islamic economy – The Silk Road

By |2017-07-23T16:24:26+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Economy, Islam|

Turkomen on the Silk Road with camels Just like under Persian or Sassanian rule, the economy of West Asia during the Islamic period depended very heavily on trade. The Silk Road ran right across the Islamic Empire. It reached east from China, to Tajikistan, to Uzbekistan, to Iran, to Iraq and Syria. Then it ran west to Lebanon, to the Byzantine Empire, and across the Mediterranean to Italy. Arab [...]

Where do oranges and lemons come from?

By |2018-04-26T10:08:40+00:00June 22nd, 2017|China, Food|

Oranges and lemons come from earlier fruits; this is a type of citron called Buddha's Hand Wild ancestors of oranges and lemons The first wild ancestors of oranges and lemons probably evolved in Australia and New Guinea. The first people probably began eating them soon after they arrived in Australia, about 30,000 BC. [...]

Sharecroppers and cotton – American History

By |2018-04-18T18:43:37+00:00June 8th, 2017|Clothing, North America|

Sharecroppers and cotton: Cotton pickers in the 1800s AD Slavery and the cotton gin The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 AD made it possible for enslaved people to produce cotton cheaply enough so cotton was now the cheapest kind of cloth. Tens of thousands of black people worked hard as slaves [...]