Mughals

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Steel history – medieval to modern steel

By |2018-09-10T06:07:42+00:00September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

Steel history: a Safavid steel helmet (Iran, 1500s AD) Medieval steel from India and Iran The wars after the collapse of the Mongol Empire in the 1300s stopped steel production in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. But metal-workers kept on making high quality crucible steel in India and Iran under the Pandyas, the Mughals, and the Safavid Empire. The wars also made it hard [...]

Religion in the Mughal Empire

By |2017-09-25T12:36:32+00:00July 19th, 2017|India, Religion|

Taj Mahal In the 1500s and 1600s AD, many Europeans and West Asians tried to force other people to believe in their religion and their God. In the Americas, the Spanish forced millions of Aztec, Maya, and Quechua people to become Christians. European wars erupted between Catholics and Protestants. In West Asia, the [...]

The end of the Mughal Empire in India

By |2018-04-23T14:32:03+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Taj Mahal, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal When the Mughal emperor Jahangir died in 1627, his third son, Shah Jahan, became the new emperor. He immediately imprisoned his stepmother Nur Jahan so he could rule himself. Shah Jahan married Nur Jahan's niece, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were very close. She had fourteen children, but [...]

Who were the Mughals? The Mughal Empire – History of India

By |2018-01-08T22:51:50+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India, Where|

Mughal Empire - Babur, first Mughal ruler Timur's descendants: the Mughal Empire Timur's empire collapsed when he died in 1405 AD. Then the Mongols lost control of India for a while. Local Muslim leaders formed small states in northern India. But a generation later, Mongol leaders invaded India again and forced the Indians into a new empire, the Mughal Empire. [...]

Maratha Empire – history of India

By |2018-04-23T15:00:52+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Maharani Tarabai, ruler of the Maratha Empire ca. 1700 AD Queens Soyarabai and Tarabai Shivaji Bhonsle died, probably of dysentery, at 52. His sons Sambhaji and Rajaram ruled the Maratha Empire after him. Rajaram's mother, Soyarabai, tried to seize power, but Sambhaji killed her. Rajaram, like his father, got guns and cannons from British traders. He kept up [...]

British India – history of India

By |2018-09-26T07:15:00+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

British India: Muhammed Shah, Mughal emperor 1702-1748 End of the Mughal Empire In the early 1700s, the Mughal Empire was collapsing. The Mughal emperors couldn't really control it anymore, and India was breaking up into smaller countries. Who were the Mughals? Lots more Indian history articles Robert Walpole The Prime Minister of Britain, Robert Walpole, decided [...]

Where do almonds come from? West Asian food

By |2018-04-16T12:29:37+00:00June 20th, 2017|Food|

Almonds drying after harvest (Southern Spain) Wild almonds are related to peaches and apples. Almonds probably evolved about the same time, around five million years ago. Like peach trees and apple trees, almond trees made cyanide poison. That kept sheep and goats and rabbits from eating their fruit. Peach trees grew in East Asia (China), [...]

History of Mozambique – African History

By |2018-04-21T12:09:39+00:00May 24th, 2017|Africa, History|

Chapel of Our Lady of Baluarte - the oldest European building south of the Equator (Isla de Mozambique, 1522, thanks to Jason Inslee) In 1500 AD, the Bantu Chikuyo Chisamarengu ruled Mutapa kingdom in northern Zimbabwe and Mozambique. African traders sold gold, ivory, seashells, and animal skins - even the occasional giraffe! - [...]