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Augean Stables – Labors of Herakles

By |2018-04-23T10:07:40+00:00July 14th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Herakles cleaning the Augean Stables (Metope from Olympia, ca. 460 BC) For one of the Labors of Herakles, Herakles had to clean out the horse stables of King Augeus, which hadn't been cleaned in years and were all full of horse poop. It seemed like it would take forever. But Herakles isn't a superhero for [...]

Parthenon metopes – Greek architecture

By |2018-04-22T10:26:03+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Metope from the Parthenon On the metopes, just under the roof, Phidias carved the battle between Lapiths (men) and centaurs (the Centauromachy), Greeks against Amazons (Amazonomachy), the gods against the giants (the Gigantomachy) and the sack of Troy. Metope from the Parthenon: Lapith and Centaur All these stories show the greatness [...]

What are triglyphs and metopes?

By |2018-04-22T10:25:19+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Greek temple at Agrigento, Sicily Most Greek temples have a pattern under the pediment known as triglyphs and metopes. The triglyphs alternate with the metopes across the front of the temple. Triglyphs (TRY-gliffs) have three parts, and then in between the triglyphs are the metopes (MET-oh-peas). Perseus killing Medusa (in the middle) [...]

Rhythm in Greek Temples

By |2017-06-30T15:14:16+00:00June 30th, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Temple of Zeus at Cyrene (North Africa) Greek architects weren't just copying their old wooden temples for the fun of it though, or just because they couldn't think of any better ideas. There was a lot of thought behind each little decision. For one thing, these are religious buildings, so they have to [...]