mawali

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Who are mawali? Medieval Islam

By |2017-07-26T22:57:59+00:00July 26th, 2017|History, Islam|

Shiite shrine at Karbala (from the 1800s AD): the tomb of Ali's son Hussein Mawali is the Arabic name for people all over the Islamic Empire who were not Arab but converted to Islam anyway. The mawali might be Syrians, Iranians, Egyptians, or Iraqis, but they weren't from the Arabian peninsula so they weren't Arabs. Legally, Mawali were the [...]

Medieval Islamic government

By |2017-07-23T17:38:00+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Government, Islam, West Asia|

The Umayyad caliph Muawiya From the beginning, the Islamic Empire was a monarchy like the Roman Empire or the Sassanian Empire before it. One man ruled the Islamic Empire.  In the beginning, people called this man a caliph (KAY-liff), and his assistant was a vizier (vizz-EER). Those were Arabic words for leaders and their assistants. Under them were governors for each province of [...]