Matilda of Canossa

Home » Matilda of Canossa

Holy Roman Empire – Medieval Germany

By |2018-04-21T13:20:47-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Empress Agnes holding Henry IV After the death of Henry III in 1056 AD, his widow Agnes ran the Holy Roman Empire. With the help of the king of Poland, the Popes now felt stronger. They tried to break away from the control of the Holy Roman Emperors. The Popes insisted that priests and bishops served only the Pope. The Empress could [...]

Republic of Genoa – Medieval Italy

By |2018-05-07T12:11:06-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval drawing of the city of Genoa, Italy (1493) Genoa in the Early Middle Ages Around 900 AD, the Holy Roman Empire began to lose control of Italy, and Genoa was among the Italian cities that got their independence about this time. Genoa became one of the first medieval cities where citizens won some political rights. Genoa's [...]

Republic of Florence – Medieval Italy

By |2019-06-10T21:04:22-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Romanesque baptistery in the Republic of Florence, Italy Florence ruled by Matilda of Canossa The last of the Carolingian Holy Roman Emperors died in 924 AD. Then northern Italy - including Florence and nearby Genoa - fell under the power of the Counts of Canossa. First Boniface III ruled Italy, then his daughter Matilda. They kept the peace [...]

History of Democracy: Who invented democracy?

By |2019-05-04T09:10:04-07:00June 29th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

History of Democracy: The Pnyx, where Athenian men debated issues and voted What is democracy? Democracy means the rule of the people (in Greek). That is where each individual person has a vote about what to do. Whatever the most people vote for wins. There is no king or tyrant, and anybody can [...]