Ma’rib Dam

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Mohammed the Prophet – Early Islamic history

By |2018-04-23T15:29:55+00:00July 25th, 2017|History|

Mohammed praying at the Ka'aba(in an Ottoman book from 1388 AD) Mohammed was born in the Arab trading and pilgrimage city of Mecca, in the Arabian peninsula, between 570 and 580 AD. His parents were part of a family of traders. They were not among the ruling families of Mecca, but they were certainly not poor either. Mohammed himself however grew up poor, [...]

Early Arabia – Arabian peninsula

By |2018-04-23T15:27:01+00:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Ibex hunt from Yemen, 0-300 AD People probably first arrived in the Arabian peninsula about 60,000 BC,, crossing over the Sinai from Egypt or going all around the coast in their small boats. Some went on to Iran and India, but others settled down in the Arabian peninsula. Mostly they gathered seaweed and seafood, and fished from their boats. By about 2500 BC, Arabian traders were selling [...]

Medieval Islamic environment

By |2017-07-23T16:51:23+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Environment, Islam, West Asia|

Bedouin tents today in the Arabian peninsula We can divide the environmental history of the medieval Islamic Empire into three different phases. The early phase, from the 600s to about 800 AD, is the time of the Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphs. The climate was probably pretty similar to what it had been [...]