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High Middle Ages – 800 AD to 1100 AD

By |2018-04-21T12:09:39+00:00September 10th, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lewis chessmen, carved in walrus ivory in the 1100s AD, probably in Norway, and found in Scotland About 1000 AD, the world's climate got a few degrees warmer. This small climate change caused many other changes. In North America, Tuniit people moved south from the Arctic into Greenland. But then the Inuit wiped them out. The Inuit were probably trading [...]

Norman Conquest of England – Medieval Europe

By |2018-04-24T09:08:58+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Outer walls of Caen castle, Normandy, France Around 1000 AD, some of the Vikings who had been raiding France got permission from the French king to settle down and live in France instead. They were supposed to help protect France against other Vikings (as the Visigoths had done before). As part of the deal, these Vikings also converted from their German gods to Catholicism. [...]

Vikings – Early Medieval Scandinavia

By |2018-04-24T08:19:15+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A Viking ship. Viking trade took the Vikings all over the world.  Who were the Vikings? The Vikings were Indo-European people from Scandinavia (modern Denmark, Norway and Sweden). Around the 400s AD the Vikings started to make frequent raids by boat into Europe. They even went into the Mediterranean Sea and raided Sicily and southern Italy. The Vikings started to attack the Atlantic coast [...]

Zoe and Theodora – Byzantine History

By |2017-08-02T12:43:56+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The Empress Zoe (from the church of Hagia Irene) Although he lived a long time and ruled nearly fifty years, Basil II never had any sons. When he died in 1025, his brother Constantine VIII succeeded. He, too, had no sons, so he left the throne to his fifty-year-old daughter Zoe and her husband Romanus III. [...]

Seljuk Dynasty – Medieval Islamic history

By |2017-07-25T09:04:58+00:00July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

The Seljuks defeat the Persians (1040 AD) The Seljuks were Turkic nomads from Turkmenistan. They were related to the Uighurs. They entered the Abbasid empire around 950 AD and gradually converted to Sunni Islam. By 1030 AD the Seljuks were beginning to try to get power for themselves. They soon conquered the Ghaznavids (who were also Turkic) and controlled most of Iran. The [...]