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Medieval Islamic government

By |2017-07-23T17:38:00+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Government, Islam, West Asia|

The Umayyad caliph Muawiya From the beginning, the Islamic Empire was a monarchy like the Roman Empire or the Sassanian Empire before it. One man ruled the Islamic Empire.  In the beginning, people called this man a caliph (KAY-liff), and his assistant was a vizier (vizz-EER). Those were Arabic words for leaders and their assistants. Under them were governors for each province of [...]

Uighurs – Medieval Central Asia

By |2017-05-31T17:37:10+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Uighur princesses (Bezelik Cave) When the Turkic Gokturk Empire in Central Asia collapsed in 742 AD, the Uighurs got their independence. Their king, or Khan, Qutlugh Bilge Kol, set up his own smaller empire in what is now Mongolia and Western China, controlling the eastern end of the Silk Road. Qutlugh Bilge Kol's [...]

Rouran – Medieval Central Asia

By |2017-05-31T16:44:22+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Tomb of a Rouran princess, Yujiulu Chidilian, and her Chinese husband Xu Xianxiu, 550 AD. Yujiulu Chidilian died when she was 13 years old. About 300 AD, a group of Turkic or Mongol people called the Rouran formed a kingdom in Central Asia. They called their leader the Khan. The Rouran included people [...]

Genghis Khan and the Mongols – Central Asia

By |2017-10-14T14:49:20+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History, Where|

Genghis Khan By 1200 AD, the Mongol and Turkic people of Central Asia had pretty much finished pushing the Indo-Europeans out of power in Central Asia and West Asia, and had taken over ruling the whole area. About 1180 AD the Mongols elected a new king, Genghis Khan (Khan means king), who was [...]

Khans and Czars in Central Asia – Government

By |2017-05-31T11:36:32+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, Government|

Scythian comb,about 400 BC (Metropolitan Museum, New York) Most early Central Asian people were Indo-European, or Yamnaya. The biggest group may have been the Scythians. Until about 500 BC, the Scythians lived in large tribes or clans ruled by chiefs. Like the Egyptians and the West Asians, the Scythians buried their chiefs under big mounds [...]