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21 08, 2017

What is excommunication? Christianity – religion

By |2019-06-02T18:40:28-07:00August 21st, 2017|Religion|0 Comments

Medieval excommunication ceremony What is excommunication? Excommunication was a Christian idea. It meant you could not take Communion anymore. Beginning in the Roman period, bishops or groups of bishops excommunicated people who were doing things the Church didn't like. What is Communion? What is a bishop? Christians in the Roman Empire Roman religion All our ancient Rome [...]

3 08, 2017

What is a regent? Kings and Queens

By |2017-08-03T16:11:32-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Empress Wu of the T'ang Dynasty A regent is someone who rules for somebody else. Usually it is an uncle or mother who rules for a child. Maybe the child is too young to be king. Or maybe they're ruling for a mentally disabled king. The regent rules only until the child is old [...]

3 08, 2017

King John and the Magna Carta

By |2019-10-17T07:14:53-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Prince John on a coin Why did people hate King John? When Richard the Lionhearted died of gangrene in 1199 AD (when he was 42), his younger brother John became king. The lords (the rich men) of England hated John. They hated him partly because John had taxed everyone so much to pay for the Third [...]

2 08, 2017

King Henry II of England – Medieval history

By |2019-08-17T23:05:42-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Henry II of England: Matilda's son Queen Matilda of England When William the Conqueror died in 1087 AD, he left the throne of England to his sons William II and then Henry, and in 1035 Henry left it to his daughter Matilda, the widow of Henry V of Germany. William the Conqueror 1066 Henry V of Germany [...]

2 08, 2017

Eleanor of Aquitaine – Queen of France and England

By |2019-03-25T05:46:22-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Eleanor of Aquitaine (Cloisters Museum, New York City) Eleanor of Aquitaine was fifteen years old in 1137 AD, and not yet married, when her father, the Duke of Aquitaine, died suddenly. Eleanor had no brothers, so she inherited her father's duchy, which included most of southern France. France under the Capetians Feudalism in medieval [...]

1 08, 2017

Basil, Zoe, and the Armenian Dynasty

By |2019-02-11T05:19:54-07:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Basil starts the Armenian Dynasty In 867 AD, Basil killed Bardas and took over as Roman Emperor. That started the Armenian Dynasty. People call it that because of Basil's Armenian ancestors. (Sometimes people call it the Macedonian Dynasty because Basil was born in Macedon.) More about Bardas High Middle Ages All our medieval Europe articles Basil's foreign policy Basil continued [...]

1 08, 2017

What is the Magna Carta?

By |2018-04-24T08:12:11-07:00August 1st, 2017|Government, History, Medieval|0 Comments

The Magna Carta Since the time of Edward the Confessor in the 1000s AD, the kings of England had been getting more and more powerful. That was pretty much okay as long as the kings were good kings, like William the Conqueror or Henry II. But when King Richard died in 1199, his younger brother John became king, and John was [...]

1 08, 2017

Saladin Tax – Medieval Europe

By |2018-04-24T08:11:08-07:00August 1st, 2017|Economy, Medieval|0 Comments

Sherwood Forest, where Robin Hood lived In the Early Middle Ages, most people did not pay any money taxes to the king. Instead, they gave chickens, honey, or work days to their own lord. Then in turn their lord passed on services to the king - if the king could make him do it. But in order to [...]