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Who was Titian? Renaissance Art

By |2017-08-04T15:50:49+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Titian's self-portrait of himself in old age The Renaissance painter Titian was born about 1490 AD, near the Italian city of Venice. He was a little younger than other Renaissance artists. When Titian was born, Leonardo da Vinci was middle-aged. Michelangelo was already a teenager, and Raphael was seven years old. Titian's father managed local castles and mines [...]

Hagia Sophia – Istanbul

By |2017-07-30T22:50:32+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (500s AD) The Roman emperor Constantius II built a big church next to the imperial palace in Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the 300s AD. But people burned it down in riots in 404. Pulcheria soon had the church rebuilt. But rioters burned it down again during the Nike Riots of 532. So the emperor Justinian needed to rebuild [...]

Ottoman Turks – Medieval Islamic history

By |2017-07-25T10:41:41+00:00July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

Sultan Mehmed II (by the Venetian painter Gentile Bellini, 1479 AD) After the old Seljuk kingdom in Anatolia (Turkey) fell apart, one of these Seljuks, a man named Osman, started in 1299 AD to build a new kingdom - the Ottoman Empire. At this time, the Byzantine Empire was very weak from the Fourth Crusade. In 1347 AD, the Black Death weakened the [...]

Ottoman architecture – Topkapi

By |2017-07-23T08:13:44+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Architecture, Islam|

Topkapi Palace, Istanbul (Turkey, 1400s AD) By the time the Ottoman sultans conquered Constantinople from the Roman emperors in 1453 AD,  the old palace of the Roman emperors was really very, very old. The Roman emperors had not been rich enough to build fancy palaces for hundreds of years. So the Ottoman emperors immediately started to build themselves [...]