Henry III

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King John and the Magna Carta

By |2018-04-24T09:04:03+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Prince John on a coin When Richard the Lionhearted died in 1199 AD (when he was 42), his younger brother John became king. The lords (the rich men) of England hated John. They hated him partly because John had taxed everyone so much to pay for the Third Crusade. And they also hated him because John seems [...]

Medieval England – History of Europe

By |2017-08-02T17:40:31+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Henry III of England King John died in 1216 AD, the year after John signed the Magna Carta. His son Henry III succeeded him. (Henry III was named after his grandfather Henry II.) Henry III was only nine years old when he became king. So he pretty much had to do whatever the barons (the rich men) told him [...]

Otto the Great and the Holy Roman Empire

By |2018-05-07T11:20:05+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Holy Roman Empire: Otto the Great (on a seal) What happened after Charlemagne? After the death of Charlemagne, the Holy Roman Emperors got weaker and weaker. By 924 AD, a hundred years later, nobody even held the title officially. But in 962 AD a German king named Otto got the Pope to name him Holy Roman Emperor anyway, and that started the Holy [...]

Westminster Abbey – London

By |2017-07-31T10:53:24+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Westminster Abbey western facade (front) Westminster Abbey is a large church in the Gothic style in London, England. Edward the Confessor built an abbey here in 1050 AD, in the Romanesque style. (An abbey is a place for monks or nuns to live and pray) William the Conqueror was crowned in the Abbey. And since his time all English kings and queens have also been crowned [...]