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Shiva – Hindu god – Ancient India

By |2017-07-21T13:13:00+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

The Hindu god Shiva Shiva was a Hindu fertility god, who made the crops grow. He was not mentioned in the Rig Veda, about 1000 BC, and seems to have come into Hinduism later than that. Around 300 BC, in the Mauryan period, people began worshipping Shiva. This might be another name for the Harappan god Rudra. But unlike the earlier Hindu gods, [...]

Chola Empire – history of India

By |2018-04-23T15:17:11+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Rajaraja Chola, king from 985 - 1012 AD Collapse of the Guptan Empire Like the Roman Empire, the Guptan empire fell apart in the 500s AD. After that, India had a lot of kings ruling a lot of small kingdoms. In northern India, King Harsha ruled one of the small kingdoms. But after he died in the 600s [...]

Vedic expansion – history of India

By |2018-04-23T15:14:47+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Ganges river - wider and slower than the Indus After the Vedic people moved into the Ganges valley about 800 BC, they were further from West Asia and Central Asia and had less contact with their relatives there. They mixed more with the Indian people. Indian gods mixed with the Indo-European gods and became Hinduism. The  Mahabharata, first told about this [...]

Vedic India – history of India

By |2018-04-23T14:45:28+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Vedic India: A horse-drawn chariot from the Oxus Treasure (British Museum, thanks to Mary Harrsch) About 1500 BC, a new group of people seem to have come to India from the north-west: this time, they were the Yamnaya. The Yamnaya came from Central Asia, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. We also call these people [...]

Ancient Indian environment

By |2017-07-20T06:36:52+00:00July 20th, 2017|Environment, India|

Indian Monsoon In much of India, there was only one big weather event every year, and that was the monsoon. Most of the year, it was very dry and sunny in India. Everything got hot and dusty and brown. But around May, clouds would start to gather, and it would get very muggy and heavy-feeling, and everybody would feel [...]