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What’s the sun made of? – Astronomy – Science

By | 2018-04-24T14:46:25+00:00 August 19th, 2017|Physics|

The sun from space The Sun is a star, just like billions of other stars in the universe. Our Sun probably formed a little more than four and a half billion years ago, just a little bit before the planets formed around it. It's not one of the older stars in the Universe. Probably some of [...]

What are stars made of? Astronomy, physics

By | 2018-05-31T11:49:32+00:00 August 19th, 2017|Physics|

What are stars made of? This is just one of the stars: the sun from space The first stars The earliest stars probably formed only a few hundred thousand years after the Big Bang that started the universe - maybe about 13.5 billion years ago. Stars are the oldest big objects in the Universe. (More [...]

Main sequence stars – Astronomy

By | 2018-05-31T11:49:32+00:00 August 18th, 2017|Physics|

Main sequence stars: A starry sky with the Milky Way galaxy (thanks to Bernd Nies) What is a main sequence star? Nine out of ten stars that you see in the sky are main-sequence stars, and our sun is one of them. (More about the sun) Most main-sequence stars probably started out as brown dwarfs, and then succeeded [...]

Galaxies – Astronomy – Space science

By | 2018-05-31T11:49:27+00:00 August 18th, 2017|Physics|

The galaxy M 100, seen through the Hubble telescope A galaxy is a group of millions of stars that are relatively near each other. Most stars seem to be in one or another galaxy. Earth's own star, the Sun, is in the Milky Way galaxy. Small galaxies have about ten million stars, while big galaxies sometimes have [...]

Black holes – Space science – Physics

By | 2018-05-31T11:49:29+00:00 August 17th, 2017|Physics|

Ripples A black hole is a place in space where there is a huge amount of mass in a very small area. Because gravity is the same as mass times 1/volume, when you have a lot of mass in a small volume it makes a lot of gravity. Apparently, it makes so much gravity that even light can't get away from the black hole! [...]

European science – the Enlightenment

By | 2017-08-07T21:37:41+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Math, Modern Europe, Physics, Science|

Gottfried Leibniz, a German mathematician By 1650 AD, Europeans understood Islamic algebra and trigonometry better. Then they combined that with the exciting invention of the telescope and microscope. Together, these two new things led to a lot more new scientific discoveries. The Wars of Religion also got a lot of people thinking about what they really believed. How could you know for sure? [...]

Medieval Islamic science

By | 2018-04-24T08:21:20+00:00 July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. In Egypt, the University of Alexandria was still an important center of learning, too. Most serious scholars went to [...]