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Hammurabi of Babylon – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2018-04-25T23:49:52+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Code of Hammurabi (1700s BC) About 1700 BC, a new king in Babylon pulled all the scattered cities of Mesopotamia back together into one empire. That's the Babylonian Empire. The king's name was Hammurabi. It's an Amorite name, so Hammurabi probably had Amorite ancestors. This is another episode in a regular West Asian cycle. Empires form under a strong ruler. [...]

Assyrians – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2018-06-09T23:22:33+00:00September 13th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Assyrian history: the head of an Akkadian king (maybe Sargon, who invaded Assur) Where did the Assyrians live? We first hear of the Assyrians around 2300 BC. That's when Sargon of Akkad invaded their small kingdom, Assur, in what is now Syria. (Syria is named for the Assyrians.) Early Assyrian traders About 2000 BC, Assur became independent of [...]

History of Rome – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:54:54+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Villanovan cremation urn with helmet on top (ca. 900 BC) Italy's history in antiquity mostly followed the changes that were happening in West Asia a little earlier. The first modern people arrived in Italy from West Asia about 10,000 BC. About 5000 BC a second group of West Asian travellers brought farming and farm animals to Italy - Central Asian cows, West Asian sheep, [...]

History of religion – sacrifice, holidays

By |2018-04-21T12:09:37+00:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion|

Building at Gobekli Tepe (ca. 9000 BC) People have started a lot of different religions. Some of them are still practiced today; others are not. It is hard even to know what religion is. But let's say religion is any tendency to change your own behavior in accordance with supernatural forces. Most people [...]

Hellenistic and Roman government in Greece

By |2018-04-22T22:55:19+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Hellenistic government: Philip of Macedon In the 300s BC, Philip of Macedon conquered Greece. He ruled all of Greece as the king. (In theory Philip was only leading a league of Greek city-states, the first among equals. But really he acted like a king). Athens and other Greek city-states still kept their local democracies or oligarchies for local [...]

What is an empire? Definitions, examples

By |2018-05-02T16:58:13+00:00June 29th, 2017|Government|

What is an empire? The Akkadian Empire: Stele of Naram-Sin (about 2200 BC) Definition of an empire What is an empire? An empire is like a state, only with one more layer of government. States generally have at least four levels of administration; empires have five. For example, in a state, you might [...]