Cordoba

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3 08, 2017

High Middle Ages – European history

By |2018-04-12T00:08:13-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) The Seljuks destabilize Europe's neighbors In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and [...]

31 07, 2017

Pisa – the Duomo – medieval Italy

By |2017-07-31T09:36:31-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Cathedral of Pisa (the Duomo) This is the cathedral of medieval Pisa, in Italy. The architects built the cathedral in the Romanesque style around 1064 AD. The rounded arches are typical of the Romanesque style. So is the floor plan of the building, with many little bits sticking out all over. Façade of Pisa's Duomo The outside of the [...]

29 07, 2017

Aachen – Palatine Chapel – Charlemagne

By |2017-07-29T18:08:15-07:00July 29th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Aachen cathedral (begun 792 AD) One of the first ambitious buildings in Western Europe after the fall of Rome was Charlemagne's chapel at his capital of Aachen (now in northern Germany) about 792 AD. Charlemagne thought of himself as re-creating the Roman Empire. He wanted to build an impressive church that would show that he was a very [...]

27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic science

By |2019-10-07T07:26:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam|0 Comments

Medieval Islamic science: Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion Indian and African science In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. Medieval Islamic science built on this Indian scientific tradition. [...]

27 07, 2017

ibn Rushd – Medieval Islamic Science

By |2019-09-08T07:23:49-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Philosophy, Science|0 Comments

Ibn Rushd prayed and studied in this Cordoba mosque Can science and religion work together? Since the time of Socrates  - or before - many people have tried to figure out how science and religion can both be true at the same time. Ibn Rushd, like the earlier ibn Sina and al-Ghazali, was part of this [...]

25 07, 2017

Guide for the Perplexed – Maimonides

By |2019-05-21T11:55:23-07:00July 25th, 2017|Egypt, Medieval, Philosophy|0 Comments

Maimonides studied in this Cordoba synagogue in Spain (1315 AD, rebuilt from Maimonides' time) What did Maimonides study? When Maimonides was a child, in the 1100s AD, he studied Jewish religious law in the Cordoba synagogue, in Spain. When he was a young man, he studied Aristotle and other scientific philosophers at the University of Fez in Morocco. Who was Aristotle?  [...]

25 07, 2017

Islamic Spain and the Umayyads

By |2018-04-09T10:31:09-07:00July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|0 Comments

Cordoba mosque, Spain By the late 600s AD, the Moors, people from North Africa who had converted to Islam, were regularly attacking Visigothic Spain. At first these raids were not very serious, and the Spanish were able to fight them off. But in 711 AD, the Moors took advantage of a civil war in Spain to make a more serious attack, [...]

23 07, 2017

The Abbasids – Medieval Islamic history

By |2019-01-15T11:23:04-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|0 Comments

Minaret at Samarra, 847 AD The first Abbasid caliphs In 750 AD, the Abbasid caliphs murdered all of the surviving Umayyad men but one. Who were the Umayyads? All our medieval Islam articles Turn away from the Mediterranean They took over ruling the Islamic Empire. The Abbasids were less interested in the Mediterranean coast than the Umayyads had been. [...]

23 07, 2017

Umayyad architecture – Islam

By |2017-07-23T08:21:29-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam, West Asia|0 Comments

Dome of the Rock mosque, Jerusalem People didn't build a lot of new buildings during the Umayyad period. They were busy getting organized after the Islamic conquests, and the Umayyad dynasty didn't rule very long. But what they did build was new and exciting. The Umayyads, who were conquering everything, had pots of money to [...]

23 07, 2017

Mosque history – what is a mosque? – medieval Islamic architecture

By |2017-12-29T14:22:06-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam, West Asia|3 Comments

Mosque history - Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo (Egypt, 900s AD) What is a mosque? A mosque (MAH-SK) is a kind of building where people who follow the Islamic faith pray to God. Mosque history People first built mosques in the 600s AD, when the Arabs conquered Jerusalem and other parts of West Asia. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem [...]