Caravan

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3 10, 2017

Islamic North Africa – caravans across the Sahara

By |2019-08-21T09:31:54-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa|0 Comments

Islamic North Africa: Kairouan mosque (ca. 800 AD) The Eastern Roman reconquest of North Africa in the 530s AD ended the Vandal kingdom there. But trade declined until the Islamic invasions of North Africa in the 600s AD and the establishment of the Umayyad, and then the Fatimid dynasties. Fatimids Under Islamic rule, North Africa became part of a [...]

7 09, 2017

History of gold and gold mining

By |2019-07-08T15:52:19-07:00September 7th, 2017|Economy|0 Comments

History of gold - a bust of the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamon When did people first use gold? People have been using gold to make jewelry since the Stone Age. You can find it just lying in little lumps in streams here and there. And gold is always pretty and yellow, even when it is just lying [...]

23 06, 2017

Salt caravans in Africa and China

By |2018-04-10T00:13:56-07:00June 23rd, 2017|Africa, Economy, Food|0 Comments

A salt caravan across the Sahara Desert By 252 BC, a Chinese governor named Li Bing also figured out how to mine salt. People dug deep pits down to where there were natural underground salt water pools, and forced the salty water out through bamboo pipes. People in China generally didn't sprinkle salt [...]

12 06, 2017

The Silk Road and Afro-Eurasian trade

By |2019-09-11T06:36:29-07:00June 12th, 2017|Economy, Medieval|0 Comments

Silk Road trade: Chinese coin of the Han Empress Kuo Empires and the Silk Road Starting in the 500s BC, governments started to come together into empires. Travel got safer. Traders could travel long distances without running into wars. Empires timeline Who were the Sogdians? The rise of the Silk Road All our [...]

12 06, 2017

Where do camels come from?

By |2019-02-26T21:23:41-07:00June 12th, 2017|Central Asia, Economy|0 Comments

History of camels: A group of camels North American wild camels Wild camels first originated in North America. Before the last Ice Age, they spread from North America to East Asia. From East Asia, camels reached Central Asia and Iran and Arabia. What about horses? How about donkeys? Evolution of mammals Other camels moved [...]

19 05, 2017

Salt Caravans

By |2018-04-10T00:13:55-07:00May 19th, 2017|Africa, China, Food|1 Comment

A salt caravan across the Sahara Desert Mining salt in antiquity The salt trade, already important in the Bronze Age, grew more and more important over time. By 252 BC, a Chinese governor named Li Bing also figured out how to mine salt. People dug deep pits down to where there were natural [...]