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The Mamluks – Medieval Islamic history

By | 2017-07-25T08:44:21+00:00 July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

A Mamluk inn for merchants in Cairo The Mamluks were originally enslaved bodyguards of the Abbasid caliphs of the Islamic Empire (the word "mamluk" just means "slave" in Arabic). Starting around 850 AD, the Abbasid caliphs captured or bought young boys who were not Muslims as slaves. The caliphs brought the boys up to be Sunni Muslim soldiers in a slave army. These [...]

Toregene and Kublai Khan – Mongol Empire History

By | 2017-05-31T15:37:25+00:00 May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Coin of Toregene Toregene ruled the Mongol Empire for five years. By then she was not in good health - she was about 55 years old. She passed on her power to her son Guyuk in 1246 AD and went into retirement, where she died less than two years later. Mongke Khan [...]