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Magyars – Early Medieval Hungary

By |2017-08-02T14:17:41-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Ural mountains In the Early Middle Ages, Turkic and Mongol people in Central Asia were moving westward, pushing out Indo-European people - and other people - who had been living there. The Magyars, who were probably distant cousins of the Turkic people, had been living in the Ural Mountains. But the Gokturks and other Turkic people like the Khazars pushed [...]

The Lombards – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-15T16:50:52-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lombard Christian altar (700s AD) (University of Alabama) In 568 AD, a Turkic people, the Avars, pushed the Indo-European Lombards out of their home in Central Europe. This was the westernmost edge of a general tendency for Turkic people to take over more of Asia around this time. The Lombards moved south into northern Italy, and conquered it from [...]

Huns – Central Asian history

By |2018-04-18T09:53:58-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A drawing of a Hunnic plaque The Huns probably came from western China, where they were known as the Xiong-nu. They were part of the group of Turkic people (some of whom later became the Ottomans) who gradually took over most of Asia and eastern Europe during the Middle Ages. The Huns may have lived in northern China [...]

The Avars – Early Middle Ages

By |2019-02-06T18:24:16-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Grasslands of Central Asia - the steppe homeland of the Avars Ruled by the Rouran The Avars were a mostly Turkic group of people. We first hear of them living in Central Asia under the rule of the Rouran, in the 400s AD. Who were the Rouran? The Early Middle Ages All our Central Asia articles The Chinese, [...]

Central Asian stories

By |2018-04-16T13:41:29-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, Literature, Medieval|

Central Asian stories and languages: People speaking Mongolian Central Asian languages Around 3000 BC, most people in Central Asia spoke one of three different kinds of languages. Some people spoke Indo-European languages like Sogdian or Tocharian. Other people spoke East Iranian languages like Pashto. And some people, especially in the eastern part of Central Asia, [...]

Uighurs – Medieval Central Asia

By |2019-01-12T17:44:20-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Uighur princesses (Bezelik Cave) Who were the Uighurs? When the Turkic Gokturk Empire in Central Asia collapsed in 742 AD, the Uighurs got their independence. Who were the Gokturks? More Central Asia articles The Uighur Empire Their king, or Khan, Qutlugh Bilge Kol, set up his own smaller empire in what is now [...]

Turks and Timur – Central Asian History

By |2018-04-18T09:53:21-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

The Mongol court (1200s AD) Starting around 300 AD the Indo-Europeans in Central Asia began to lose ground to the Altaic people. The Altaic people divided into the Mongols and the Turks. One mixed group of Mongols and Turks, the Rouran, formed an empire north and west of China (modern Mongolia and Uzbekistan). Their [...]

Who were the Gokturks? Central Asian History

By |2018-03-21T13:58:10-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

A Gokturk coin, about 576-600 AD (Kyrgyzstan museum) (compare to Sassanian and Byzantine coins of the same time) About 550 AD, Bumin Qaghan and his sons, with the help of the Chinese Wei kingdom, conquered the Rouran and took over as the main rulers of Central Asia. Today, historians call Bumin Qaghan's people [...]