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What was the Safavid Empire? History of Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:04:50-07:00September 11th, 2017|History, West Asia|

The first Safavid, Ismail, kills the Uzbek leader Death of Timur When Timur died in 1405 AD, he left his empire to his sons, and they left it to their sons. But that last Mongol empire got gradually weaker and weaker. By 1506, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan broke up into many small kingdoms. Ismail and the Twelvers [...]

Late medieval Hungary

By |2018-09-18T06:32:33-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Late medieval Hungary: Mongols kill Hungarians at the Battle of Mohi (1241 AD) The Mongols invade Hungary Hungary fell on hard times in 1241 AD, when the Mongols invaded Eastern Europe from Central Asia. The Mongols brought with them a new invention -  gunpowder from China. Earlier history of Hungary Who were the Mongols? Who invented gunpowder? Many Jewish [...]

Ottoman Turks – Medieval Islamic history

By |2017-07-25T10:41:41-07:00July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

Sultan Mehmed II (by the Venetian painter Gentile Bellini, 1479 AD) After the old Seljuk kingdom in Anatolia (Turkey) fell apart, one of these Seljuks, a man named Osman, started in 1299 AD to build a new kingdom - the Ottoman Empire. At this time, the Byzantine Empire was very weak from the Fourth Crusade. In 1347 AD, the Black Death weakened the [...]

Mongols invade India – history of India

By |2018-04-18T23:56:00-07:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Mongke Khan Starting in the 400s AD, Turkic and Mongol people had been expanding out of the northern part of Central Asia. They spread all over Europe and Asia. The Huns came first, then the Avars, the Ghaznavids, and the Seljuks. About 1000 AD, the Turkish Ghaznavids invaded northern India from what is now Afghanistan. India was so rich that the Ghaznavids [...]

Delhi Sultanate in India

By |2019-05-03T06:21:50-07:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Muhammed Ghor, who started the Delhi Sultanate The Mamluks conquer northern India Around 1100 AD, with the Ghaznavids out of the picture, the Mamluks (who had already conquered Iran and what is now Pakistan) succeeded in conquering the rest of northern India as well. They built a rich kingdom that was the center of the Silk Road. Wait who [...]

Who were the Mughals? The Mughal Empire – History of India

By |2018-01-08T22:51:50-07:00July 19th, 2017|History, India, Where|

Mughal Empire - Babur, first Mughal ruler Timur's descendants: the Mughal Empire Timur's empire collapsed when he died in 1405 AD. Then the Mongols lost control of India for a while. Local Muslim leaders formed small states in northern India. But a generation later, Mongol leaders invaded India again and forced the Indians into a new empire, the Mughal Empire. [...]

Toregene and Kublai Khan – Mongol Empire History

By |2017-05-31T15:37:25-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Coin of Toregene Toregene ruled the Mongol Empire for five years. By then she was not in good health - she was about 55 years old. She passed on her power to her son Guyuk in 1246 AD and went into retirement, where she died less than two years later. Mongke Khan [...]

Turks and Timur – Central Asian History

By |2018-04-18T09:53:21-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

The Mongol court (1200s AD) Starting around 300 AD the Indo-Europeans in Central Asia began to lose ground to the Altaic people. The Altaic people divided into the Mongols and the Turks. One mixed group of Mongols and Turks, the Rouran, formed an empire north and west of China (modern Mongolia and Uzbekistan). Their [...]