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Medieval stained glass, eyeglasses, and modern glass

By |2019-04-16T13:03:48-07:00September 5th, 2017|Medieval, Modern, Science|

Medieval glass: Islamic glass (probably Iraq, 800s AD, now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York) Medieval glass-making By the 1100s, glass-making was expanding again from West Asia; there were glassworks further east at Kuva in Central Asia (modern Uzbekistan). Who invented glass? Blowing glass Islamic science Medieval European science  All our medieval Europe articles Venice and [...]

Medieval games – Games people played in Europe in the Middle Ages

By |2018-04-20T08:25:49-07:00August 1st, 2017|Games, Medieval|

Medieval games: Women playing chess Early medieval games: Dice, checkers, chess The games of medieval Europe were mainly the same as those of Egypt, Greece, and Rome: dice, knucklebones, marbles, checkers. But there were some new games, too. In the Middle Ages, chess came to Europe from the Islamic Empire. When the Arabs took over Spain, in 711 AD, they brought chess with them, and it [...]

Medieval art history – Europe

By |2017-08-01T07:56:10-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

A Late Antique ivory carving Roman art, German art, and Islamic art mixed together in Europe in the Early Middle Ages to create a new form, which we call medieval art. Art historians divide medieval art into Early Medieval, Romanesque, and Gothic art. But these types of art looked different in different places, and in the hands of [...]

Sainte Chapelle – Paris – Conciergerie

By |2017-07-31T10:08:19-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Sainte Chapelle, in Paris The Sainte Chapelle was (and is) a beautiful little church or chapel in France, on the island in the middle of the city of Paris. King Louis IX, also known as Saint Louis, and his mother, Queen Blanche of Castile, built it between 1241 and 1248 AD (before Louis left on the Seventh Crusade). King [...]

Sainte Chapelle project – Middle Ages

By |2017-07-30T21:32:19-07:00July 30th, 2017|Art, Medieval|

Can you match each of these stained-glass windows from the Sainte Chapelle to the Bible story it illustrates? Noah's Ark Moses and the Burning Bush Marking the doors for Passover Parting the Red Sea God gives Moses the Ten Commandments Worshipping the Golden Calf Golden Menorah of the Ark of the Covenant Hanging of the [...]

Chartres cathedral transepts

By |2018-04-24T08:01:24-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Chartres cathedral crossing and transept When the builders were done with the nave, they built the great big columns of the crossing. Like the columns of the nave, the crossing columns went almost uninterrupted all the way up, to draw your eyes upward. They were made to look like a lot of little columns, [...]