Shiite

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West Asian religion – Ottoman and Safavid, Sunni and Shiite

By |2018-04-25T23:21:42-07:00September 11th, 2017|Islam, Religion, West Asia|

Shah Mosque, Ishfahan, Iran (1611-38) West Asia was divided into two big empires in the 1500s AD - the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire. Both the Ottomans and the Safavids followed Islam, but they followed two different kinds of Islam. The rulers and most of the people of the Ottoman Empire followed Sunni Islam, but in the Safavid Empire most people followed Shiite Islam. [...]

History of religion – sacrifice, holidays

By |2018-04-21T12:09:37-07:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion|

Building at Gobekli Tepe (ca. 9000 BC) People have started a lot of different religions. Some of them are still practiced today; others are not. It is hard even to know what religion is. But let's say religion is any tendency to change your own behavior in accordance with supernatural forces. Most people [...]

What’s the difference between Shiite and Sunni?

By |2018-04-09T23:07:25-07:00July 26th, 2017|History|

In the lifetime of the Prophet Mohammed, and for some years afterwards, Islam was a united faith. But by the 650s AD, Islam split into two main sects. They fought bitterly with each other. These two sects were the Shiites (SHE-ites) and the Sunnis (SOO-knees). Both Sunnis and Shiites still exist today and they are still fighting. The Shiite [...]

Who were the Fatimids? – Medieval Islam

By |2018-05-07T12:51:59-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History, Islam|

Fatimids built Bab Zuweila (Cairo, 1092 AD) Overthrowing the Abbasids in Egypt In 908 AD, a new family rose up in Egypt and took control of Egypt from the Abbasids. This family was called the Fatimids, after Mohammed's daughter Fatima, because they claimed to be descended from her. The Fatimids were Shiites The family began as leaders of [...]

Architecture of the Abbasid Caliphate

By |2019-01-15T18:07:55-07:00July 22nd, 2017|Architecture, Islam|

Minaret at Samarra, 847 AD The Abbasids built Baghdad When the Abbasid dynasty moved the capital of the Islamic Empire to Baghdad from Damascus in 762 AD, of course they needed a lot of new buildings to make it beautiful. They did build a lot of lovely buildings. See earlier buildings in Damascus Medieval Islamic architecture All [...]

Genghis Khan and the Mongols – Central Asia

By |2017-10-14T14:49:20-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History, Where|

Genghis Khan By 1200 AD, the Mongol and Turkic people of Central Asia had pretty much finished pushing the Indo-Europeans out of power in Central Asia and West Asia, and had taken over ruling the whole area. About 1180 AD the Mongols elected a new king, Genghis Khan (Khan means king), who was [...]