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The Abbasids – Medieval Islamic history

By |2019-01-15T11:23:04-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Minaret at Samarra, 847 AD The first Abbasid caliphs In 750 AD, the Abbasid caliphs murdered all of the surviving Umayyad men but one. Who were the Umayyads? All our medieval Islam articles Turn away from the Mediterranean They took over ruling the Islamic Empire. The Abbasids were less interested in the Mediterranean coast than the Umayyads had been. [...]

What is a minaret? Islamic architecture

By |2017-07-23T07:55:20-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam, West Asia|

Kairouan's minaret - the oldest minaret still standing today. A minaret was a tower that Islamic holy men called muezzins climbed in order to call out the call to prayer, five times a day. It was a tall thin building with stairs inside it (or sometimes outside) and small windows to let in daylight. [...]

Islamic architecture – History of architecture

By |2017-07-22T07:15:27-07:00July 22nd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam, West Asia|

Kairouan (about 800 AD) Greek architects designed the first buildings in the new Islamic Empire. They had already been living in the area when the Arabs conquered it. Because Greek architects designed them, these buildings look a lot like earlier buildings in West Asia - Late Roman Empire buildings like Hagia Sophia. But now they were building [...]

Architecture of the Abbasid Caliphate

By |2019-01-15T18:07:55-07:00July 22nd, 2017|Architecture, Islam|

Minaret at Samarra, 847 AD The Abbasids built Baghdad When the Abbasid dynasty moved the capital of the Islamic Empire to Baghdad from Damascus in 762 AD, of course they needed a lot of new buildings to make it beautiful. They did build a lot of lovely buildings. See earlier buildings in Damascus Medieval Islamic architecture All [...]