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Suleiman the Magnificent – Ottoman history

By |2018-04-25T23:04:50+00:00September 11th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Mehmed II When Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453 AD, he made it the capital of the Ottoman Empire. He took for himself the title of "Kayser-i-Rum" - Caesar of Rome, or Roman Emperor. It was impossible to think of the Roman Empire as being ended. So the Ottoman sultans thought of themselves as continuing the power of [...]

Protestant Reformation – Early Modern Europe

By |2018-06-20T13:11:49+00:00August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Catherine de Medici ruled France during the Protestant Reformation What was the Reformation? By the time Francis I of France and Henry VIII of England both died in 1547 AD, attacks by the Ottoman Empire were less of a problem. But civil war within Europe was more of a problem. All of Europe was beginning to fall into the Wars [...]

Hafsid Dynasty – Medieval Islam

By |2017-10-29T17:42:34+00:00July 24th, 2017|Africa, History, Islam|

Hafsid gold coin In the early 1200s AD, the Almohad empire fell apart into Marinid, Christian, and Hafsid kingdoms. The middle of North Africa broke away from the Almohad dynasty in 1229 AD. Modern Tunisia, western Libya, and eastern Algeria came under the leadership of Abu Zakariya. People called his descendants the Hafsids, because they belonged to the powerful Banu Hafs [...]