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Restoration England – British history

By |2018-04-24T10:40:56-07:00August 14th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Charles II of England Oliver Cromwell tried to leave his job as Lord Protector to his son Richard when he died in 1658, but Richard was so useless that two years later Parliament invited Charles I's son, Charles II, to come be king in England after all: historians call this the Restoration, because it restored the [...]

After the Mughals – history of India

By |2017-07-19T11:05:42-07:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Nader Shah The decline of the Mughal empire in the early 1700s resulted in India splitting up into a lot of smaller countries. In the north, Afghanistan tried to set itself up as an independent country. But then Nader Shah of Iran conquered all the way to Delhi in 1738 and, although he retreated from there, he took over [...]

The end of the Mughal Empire in India

By |2018-04-23T14:32:03-07:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Taj Mahal, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal When the Mughal emperor Jahangir died in 1627, his third son, Shah Jahan, became the new emperor. He immediately imprisoned his stepmother Nur Jahan so he could rule himself. Shah Jahan married Nur Jahan's niece, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were very close. She had fourteen children, but [...]

Maratha Empire – history of India

By |2018-04-23T15:00:52-07:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Maharani Tarabai, ruler of the Maratha Empire ca. 1700 AD Queens Soyarabai and Tarabai Shivaji Bhonsle died, probably of dysentery, at 52. His sons Sambhaji and Rajaram ruled the Maratha Empire after him. Rajaram's mother, Soyarabai, tried to seize power, but Sambhaji killed her. Rajaram, like his father, got guns and cannons from British traders. He kept up [...]

Deccan kingdoms in India

By |2019-05-02T14:01:21-07:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Deccan kingdoms: Krishna Deva Raya (possibly), ca. 1500 AD India when Europeans arrived In 1498 AD, when Vasco da Gama first sailed to Calicut in south India, most of South India was part of the Vijayanagara Empire, which was very strong and still growing fast. Vijayanagara Empire Vasco da Gama All our India articles The Deccan Sultanates [...]

Shah Durrani and Afghanistan – Central Asian History

By |2019-01-17T20:48:10-07:00May 30th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Ahmad Shah Durrani's burial mausoleum (Kandahar, Pakistan) Afghanistan after the Mongol Empire After the Mongol Empire collapsed, Afghanistan's land was mostly split between the Mughal Empire of India and the Safavid Empire of Iran. Early Afghanistan history The Mughal Empire The Safavids in Iran All our Central Asia articles Now that most Asian trade [...]

History of Tanzania – African History

By |2018-04-13T15:40:10-07:00May 24th, 2017|Africa, History|

Kilwa By 1500 AD, people in Tanzania were doing pretty well. They did a lot of trading with India and the Arabian Peninsula from their biggest port at Kilwa, and other smaller ports. They bought silk and cotton cloth, steel knives, Indian and Chinese medicine, and spices like pepper and cinnamon. To get [...]