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Thomas Paine – American Philosophy

By |2017-08-14T13:00:34+00:00August 14th, 2017|North America, Philosophy|

Thomas Paine (by Matthew Pratt, about 1790) In the late 1700s AD, around the same time that Voltaire, du Chatelet, and Rousseau were writing philosophy in France, and Hume was writing in England, Thomas Paine was writing philosophy in America. Paine was born in England, and his father was a Quaker, and owned a small business. Young Paine didn't go to [...]

Damaris Masham – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:29+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Damaris Masham's house, Oates, in England Damaris Masham's dad was a philosopher, and when she grew up her boyfriend, John Locke, was also a philosopher. So it's not surprising that she was a philosopher too. Masham got married when she was 26, to Francis Masham, who owned a big farm near London in England. He [...]

John Locke – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:28+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

John Locke John Locke was an English philosopher in the late 1600s AD. He was just starting his career at the height of the Enlightenment, when Hobbes was an old man. Locke's mother and father were both Puritans; his mother ran the household while his father worked as a lawyer. Locke went to college at Oxford, though he [...]

Emilie du Chatelet – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:27+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Emilie du Chatelet, a French philosopher in the 1700s Emilie du Chatelet's rich father, who was interested in literature and science, hired tutors to homeschool her, instead of sending her to a convent school. She learned Latin, German, Greek, and Italian, as well as math and science. When du Chatelet was 18, she married [...]

Mary Astell – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:25+00:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Mary Astell Unlike the slightly older Masham, and most other Enlightenment philosophers, Mary Astell was not from a really rich family. She grew up in England. Like other girls in the 1600s AD, Astell never went to school, though her family spent most of their savings to send her younger brother to school. When her parents [...]