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Holy Roman Empire – Medieval Germany

By |2018-04-21T13:20:47-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Empress Agnes holding Henry IV After the death of Henry III in 1056 AD, his widow Agnes ran the Holy Roman Empire. With the help of the king of Poland, the Popes now felt stronger. They tried to break away from the control of the Holy Roman Emperors. The Popes insisted that priests and bishops served only the Pope. The Empress could [...]

Republic of Florence – Medieval Italy

By |2019-06-10T21:04:22-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Romanesque baptistery in the Republic of Florence, Italy Florence ruled by Matilda of Canossa The last of the Carolingian Holy Roman Emperors died in 924 AD. Then northern Italy - including Florence and nearby Genoa - fell under the power of the Counts of Canossa. First Boniface III ruled Italy, then his daughter Matilda. They kept the peace [...]