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Medieval African clothing – more and more cotton

By |2018-04-13T01:30:20+00:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa, Clothing|

Cotton cloth made in Gujarat, India andfound in Fustat (Cairo, Egypt) - ca. 800 AD(Now in Oxford, England) People first began to weave cotton in India, also around 2000 BC, but cotton weaving soon spread to Egypt, and all down the east side of Africa. By the 400s AD, the people of Meroe and Kush were growing and weaving cotton for their clothes. Before 800 AD, [...]

Phoenician art – West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:24:29+00:00September 11th, 2017|Art, West Asia|

Core-formed Phoenician glass bottle (400s BC) The Phoenicians, from as early as 1500 BC, were mainly known for producing glass bottles and jars, especially for perfume. The Phoenicians sold these jars to Egypt and to the Assyrians. After the Dark Age they began to sell their jars (and the perfume) to the Greeks too. The rise of the Silk Road in the last centuries [...]

Europe’s early modern economy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:16+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

Members of the painters' guild in Haarlem (1670s) In the Renaissance, as cities grew all over Europe and more people began to buy things in stores instead of making them at home, many cities and towns developed a system of guilds that controlled who could make things and how. In France and England and Switzerland, this guild system began [...]

Spices and cotton: Mughal Indian economy

By |2018-04-23T14:30:47+00:00July 19th, 2017|Economy, India|

Japanese painting of Portuguese bringing Indian cargo to Japan (1500s AD) Under the Mughal Empire, India continued to make a lot of money by trading things back and forth between East Africa and West Asia to their west, and South-East Asia and China to their east. Mostly Indian traders sold medicine and  pepper and cinnamon and other spices to West Asia. They sold glass beads and cotton cloth to [...]

Early economy of northern Europe

By |2017-06-27T00:57:36+00:00June 27th, 2017|Economy, Northern Europe|

Abrigo del Ciervo, Spain, ca. 6000 BC The first people in Europe lived by hunting and gathering; they probably had both dogs and bows and arrows to help them by the time they arrived. By the Neolithic, around 5000 BC, people also started farming a lot of their food. Around the same time, [...]