Fatimids

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Islamic North Africa – caravans across the Sahara

By |2018-02-22T09:23:58-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa, History|

Islamic North Africa: Kairouan mosque (ca. 800 AD) The Eastern Roman reconquest of North Africa in the 530s AD ended the Vandal kingdom there. But trade declined until the Islamic invasions of North Africa in the 600s AD and the establishment of the Umayyad, and then the Fatimid dynasties. Fatimids Under Islamic rule, North Africa became part of a [...]

High Middle Ages – European history

By |2018-04-12T00:08:13-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) The Seljuks destabilize Europe's neighbors In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and [...]

Republic of Genoa – Medieval Italy

By |2018-05-07T12:11:06-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval drawing of the city of Genoa, Italy (1493) Genoa in the Early Middle Ages Around 900 AD, the Holy Roman Empire began to lose control of Italy, and Genoa was among the Italian cities that got their independence about this time. Genoa became one of the first medieval cities where citizens won some political rights. Genoa's [...]

First Crusade – Middle Ages

By |2019-06-08T20:43:42-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A Viking ship like the ones that sailed on the First Crusade Before the First Crusade Throughout the 1000s AD, Viking mercenary soldiers, some coming down the Volga river through Russia, and others sailing around through the Straits of Gibraltar, had been fighting for the Byzantine Empire. What are mercenary soldiers? Who were the Vikings? The Byzantine Empire All [...]

Capetians – French History – Middle Ages

By |2019-02-27T06:29:13-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Monogram of Hugh Capet (980s AD) Who was Hugh Capet? When the Carolingians died out in 987 AD, the lords of France met to choose a new king. They chose a man named Hugh Capet (hyoo ka-PAY). Hugh Capet was picked for being weak, so the lords could do whatever they wanted and the king wouldn't be [...]

Comneni Dynasty – Byzantine history

By |2019-04-21T11:45:07-07:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

Alexios I Comneni, the Byzantine emperor (1081 AD) The Battle of Manzikert The Battle of Manzikert in 1071 was the end of Basil's Armenian Dynasty. The Byzantines had lost Armenia to Alp Arslan and the Seljuk Turks, and Alp Arslan took the Roman Emperor prisoner. Battle of Manzikert Who was Alp Arslan? All our medieval Europe articles [...]

Late Medieval Islamic history

By |2018-04-23T15:28:20-07:00July 24th, 2017|History, Islam|

Fatimid gate of Cairo Bad al-Futuh (1087 AD) In 750 AD, it seemed like the Islamic Empire would last a thousand years. The Abbasid caliphs ruled a giant empire. It stretched from Morocco to Afghanistan. Their capital was at Baghdad in modern Iraq. Baghdad was also a center of scholarship and trade. The Abbasids kept control until the early 900s - [...]

History of the Islamic Empire

By |2018-04-07T17:04:30-07:00July 24th, 2017|History, Islam|

Dome of the Rock mosque, Jerusalem In 600 AD, West Asia had been divided for centuries between two big empires, the Romans and the Sassanians. People probably thought that would continue more or less forever. But they were wrong. Both the Romans and the Sassanians had gotten in the habit of using mercenary soldiers from the [...]

Who were the Fatimids? – Medieval Islam

By |2019-06-06T21:25:43-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History, Islam|

Fatimids built Bab Zuweila (Cairo, 1092 AD) Overthrowing the Abbasids in Egypt In 908 AD, a new family rose up in Egypt. They took control of Egypt from the Abbasids. This family was called the Fatimids, after Mohammed's daughter Fatima. They called themselves the Fatimids because they said they were descended from Fatima. Who were the [...]

Saladin and the Ayyubid Dynasty

By |2019-02-07T06:01:19-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Saladin Saladin started the Ayyubids When the First Crusade defeated the Fatimid Caliphs and captured Jerusalem in 1099 AD, people were very upset. People in Egypt and Syria gradually decided that the Fatimids were too weak to rule anymore. One of their generals, Saladin (Salah ad-Din ibn Ayyub in Arabic), took over control from the Fatimids. He founded the Ayyubid [...]