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Late medieval Italy – Guelfs and Ghibellines

By |2018-09-27T12:27:25+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Constance of Sicily (late 1100s AD) North Italy's republics All through the later middle ages, Northern Italy was still divided into lots of small independent city-states. The most important city-states were Milan, Florence, Genoa, Pisa, Siena, and Venice. Florence and the Medici The port of Genoa Venice and the Ottomans But the Holy Roman Emperors often attacked these city-states and tried [...]

Eighth Crusade – Medieval Europe

By |2017-08-03T11:08:24+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Louis IX sailing to Tunis with the Eighth Crusade (1270 AD) When Blanche of Castile died, her son Louis IX of France had to spend some time at home in France getting things organized. But then Louis' youngest brother Charles encouraged him to try another Crusade. The Seventh Crusade, which Louis led, had ended in failure in 1254 AD, [...]