Assyrians

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The Mediterranean and West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:50:37+00:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|

Map of West Asia One common theme in the history of West Asia has been the conflict between land-oriented people and sea-oriented people. Often there is a group of people living in West Asia who are mostly land-oriented. These people don't sail boats much, or swim. They think of their kingdom as covering a certain piece of [...]

Who were the Hittites? West Asian history

By |2018-04-25T23:55:40+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

History of the Hittites: Hittite musicians in long and short tunics (1500 BC, modern Turkey) History of the Hittites The Hittites were Indo-European people. They seem to have moved south from the Caspian Sea into southern Turkey around 2000 BC, about the same time that the Trojans were moving into Troy and the Greeks were moving into Greece. The Hittites were different from [...]

West Asian history – The Levant, Mesopotamia, and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:50:36+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Map of West Asia People also call West Asia the Near East or the Middle East. It is the part of Asia that is closest to the Mediterranean Sea. West Asia covers all the land between Russia in the north, Afghanistan in the east, the Persian Gulf in the south, and the Mediterranean Sea in the west. The Levant is the [...]

Neo-Babylonians – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2018-04-15T10:05:41+00:00September 13th, 2017|History, West Asia|

The Ishtar Gate of ancient Babylon, built during the Neo-Babylonian period (600s BC). Now in Berlin. As the Assyrians got weaker, pieces of their empire began to break off. People saw their chance to become independent and grabbed it. Egypt became independent again. So did Israel for a while. But then in the 600s BC a new empire started up. It [...]

Later Assyrians – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2018-04-25T23:35:11+00:00September 13th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Tiglath-Pileser III, king of Assyria But in 827 BC a great revolt, centered on Nineveh, at the end of Shalmaneser's reign forced the Assyrians to abandon their conquests in the west, and they were weaker for some time. The army did not go out every year to plunder anymore, and when the army did go [...]

Assyrians – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2018-06-09T23:22:33+00:00September 13th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Assyrian history: the head of an Akkadian king (maybe Sargon, who invaded Assur) Where did the Assyrians live? We first hear of the Assyrians around 2300 BC. That's when Sargon of Akkad invaded their small kingdom, Assur, in what is now Syria. (Syria is named for the Assyrians.) Early Assyrian traders About 2000 BC, Assur became independent of [...]

West Asian government – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:41:44+00:00September 13th, 2017|Government, West Asia|

West Asian government: the stele of Naram-Sin shows the king leading his troops to victory. Empires and city-states Since the time of the Akkadians, about 2300 BC, West Asian government has cycled back and forth between unity and disunity. Sometimes there are big empires ruled by a "king of kings". Other times there are smaller kingdoms [...]

West Asian games – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:40:39+00:00September 13th, 2017|Games, West Asia|

Earliest known dice (Iran, ca. 2600 BC) See that the six is already opposite the one, as on modern dice? But check out this Harappan die. The people of West Asia really liked gambling games. The earliest dice in the world are from a backgammon set from ancient Persia (modern Iran), from about 3000 BC. Backgammon probably came from even [...]

West Asian economy in the Dark Age

By |2018-04-25T23:26:45+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

The temple of Goliath's town, Gath - apparently founded by the Philistines, when they fled the economic problems at home and arrived in Israel around 1100 BC The political collapse around 1200 BC in West Asia may have been related to an economic collapse about the same time. Between about 1200 and about 1000 BC, not so much trade was [...]

West Asian economy – the Bronze Age

By |2018-11-01T08:31:00+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

West Asian economy: Bronze Age tin ingots from a shipwreck near Haifa Trading for tin When people first began to use bronze, about 3000 BC, they had to trade a lot more than they had before, because they needed tin to make the bronze. You don't find tin just anywhere. What is bronze? Bronze Age timeline At [...]