Home/Tag: Parthenon
9 07, 2017

Peloponnesian War – Athens and Sparta

By |2019-09-15T07:04:12-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks|6 Comments

Parthenon, Athens The Athenian historian Thucydides, who lived through the Peloponnesian War and wrote the history of it, began by asking, why did the war start? He answered that basically the war started because Athens was too greedy, and tried to take over all of Greece. They had taken everybody's money, and used [...]

7 07, 2017

Byzantine Greece – medieval history

By |2019-09-17T11:36:03-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks|2 Comments

Byzantine Greece Byzantine Greece: Interior of Hagia Sophia After the collapse of the western part of the Roman Empire around 400 AD, the Romans continued to rule Greece , but now from their new capital at Constantinople. Roman Greece Fall of Rome Early Middle Ages All our ancient Greece articles The Romans weren't [...]

5 07, 2017

Classical Greek sculpture – ancient Greece

By |2019-04-08T19:03:33-07:00July 5th, 2017|Art, Greeks|0 Comments

Classical Greek sculpture: Discobolos (the Discus Thrower) (This is a Roman copy; the Greek one didn't last) After the Severe style The Severe style didn't last very long, and by about 460 BC Greek sculptors moved on to the Classical style. The Severe style Women in the Severe style Classical Greek history All [...]

1 07, 2017

Parthenon frieze – Greek architecture

By |2019-06-25T17:41:05-07:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Parthenon frieze - seated goddesses What is on the Parthenon frieze? On the Parthenon's frieze, Pheidias carved a long procession of Athenians, with girls in the front, bringing a new dress for the goddess Athena to her temple. What is a frieze? The Parthenon Classical Greek architecture Athens in the Classical period All [...]

1 07, 2017

Parthenon metopes – Greek architecture

By |2018-04-22T10:26:03-07:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Metope from the Parthenon On the metopes, just under the roof, Phidias carved the battle between Lapiths (men) and centaurs (the Centauromachy), Greeks against Amazons (Amazonomachy), the gods against the giants (the Gigantomachy) and the sack of Troy. Metope from the Parthenon: Lapith and Centaur All these stories show the greatness [...]

1 07, 2017

Parthenon pediment – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-22T10:26:03-07:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Parthenon pediment On the front of the Parthenon, in the triangular pediment, Pheidias carved the contest between Athena and Poseidon to be the main god of the city of Athens, and on the back pediment he put the birth of Athena out of the head of her father Zeus. Neither of these pediments [...]

1 07, 2017

Parthenon columns – optical illusions

By |2019-04-17T21:07:59-07:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Parthenon columns, Athens The best temple ever So the architects of the Parthenon set out to make it the best temple ever. Most Greek temples had six columns across the front – the Parthenon has eight. What is the Parthenon? Rhythm and Greek temples Greek architecture All our ancient Greece articles Does the [...]

1 07, 2017

Parthenon – Ancient Greek temples

By |2019-09-18T07:52:21-07:00July 1st, 2017|Greeks|2 Comments

Parthenon, Athens The Parthenon was a temple to Athena built on top of the highest hill in Athens, the Acropolis (Acropolis means High City). In the Late Bronze Age, about 1300 BC, the Acropolis had been where the kings of Athens lived (likeTheseus in the myth), and where everybody went to defend themselves [...]

1 07, 2017

What are triglyphs and metopes?

By |2018-04-22T10:25:19-07:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Greek temple at Agrigento, Sicily Most Greek temples have a pattern under the pediment known as triglyphs and metopes. The triglyphs alternate with the metopes across the front of the temple. Triglyphs (TRY-gliffs) have three parts, and then in between the triglyphs are the metopes (MET-oh-peas). Perseus killing Medusa (in the middle) [...]

30 06, 2017

Classical Greek Architecture

By |2019-04-08T06:34:43-07:00June 30th, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Classical Greek architecture: Parthenon, Athens From Archaic to Classical There is no really sharp change in the style of architecture between the Archaic and the Classical periods. One blends gradually into the other. Archaic Greek architecture Classical Greek history All our ancient Greece articles For no particular reason, we actually have more archaic [...]